The Great War.docx

44 views4 pages
2 Apr 2012
School
Department
Course
Professor
Canadian History since 1885: The Great War
January 23, 2012
1st total war
Soldiers and civilians
War fought at home and overseas: factories and trenches
People were told to make sacrifices to win war
Instability of total war(revolutions)
Culture problems
WWI
June 1914
Austria attacked Serbia (Russia defended Serbia)
France helped Russia
Britain helped Belgium
Austria attacked Belgium
Britain declared war to Germany (Canada was
automatically at war.
Canada (English) were very enthusiastic
Huge positive response
Young men were eager to enlist
Most English Canadians had sentimental ties to Britain
Loyalty to mother country
Many Canadians believed to have a romantic adventure
Economic recession 1913
Reason to escape (economic factors)
War was more loyalty, sacrifice, honour
Good for the Anglo-Saxon race (physical toughness)
Race: Canadian physical race over than other races
1916 (half a million Canadian volunteered) (8m Can)
October 1914-Spring 1915
War was fought on trenches
Rain, mood, rats, artillery, bombs, and expose to the
wheat: developed influenza.
1916 (34,000 casualties in 4 months)
Somme 1916: 60,000 died and 150,000 were wounded
Canada lost an entire generation
Problems breathing, artificial artifacts
Psychological problems: 1st modern war: weapons of mass destruction, airplanes,
machineguns, de-humanizing.
***Snipers***
Hysterical neurosis (living coma) unable to speak for months (shellshock)
Soldiers became irrational
WWI changes their way of living
Soldiers became more anti-authoritarian
Lost respect to politicians, teachers, government
KEY TERMS:
Catalysts
Serbian
Austro-Hungarian
John Teahan
Ross Riffle
The Somme
Trench raids
Claustrophobic
Shell shock
Lindbergh
AWOL
Ypres
Vimy Ridge
Prohibition
Patriotic fund
Enlistments
Race generation
Lusitania
Hun
Bolshevik
Voluntarist
Laissez-faire
Was Measures Act
Hughes
Flavelle
IMB (Imperial Munitions
Board)
CNR\Welfare State
Reg. 17
Unionist
Altruistic
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