Class Notes (904,110)
CA (538,125)
UTSC (32,634)
History (740)
HISB41H3 (45)
Lecture

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8 Pages
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Department
History
Course Code
HISB41H3
Professor
C Pennington

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Lecture 2Jan 17-11
-Period of uncertainty, unease, unsure of the future
-Economic depression
The Laurier Boom, 1986-1911
-Positive economic times for Canada
-Growth in the Canadian economy, in industry and western settlement
- More than millions immigrated to western Canada
-No issues dividing Canadians
-Peaceful, prosperous, optimistic times
- “19th c belong to US, but 20th C belongs to Canada
-Laurier personified what the great things the country would become
-French Canadian but admired british institution, loyal subject to the British empire
-Increase of 3 million people from macdonald period to laurier (1881-1911)
-Dramatic increase of pop for Scandinavian, ukranian, jewish and Russian
-Pop of aboriginal decreased dying people
-African / Caribbeans not allowed into the border
- “English-Canadian, adopt to the traditions and etc
-Equal population in both the rural and cities from 1881-1911
-Regional distribution - Drop in ont, que and maritimes but increase in western
Sir Wilfred Laurier (1841-1919)
-French Canadian
Lawyer and journalist
Federal MP, 1874-1919
Liberal leader, 1887-1919
Prime minister, 1896-1911
-Won four consecutive federal elections
The first Canadian
-Embodied best of both French and English cultures
-Acknowledged as best speaker of his time in both English and French, flawless
-Sent to Scotland to learn English fluently, spoke with a Scottish accent
www.notesolution.com
Lecture 2Jan 17-11
-Differed from Macdonald laurier = aristocratic figure, hard to relate to (but was admired for his manners and
language)
-Earned great respect from liberals and conservatives
The Winning Liberal Formula
French-english cooperation
-Good at fostering french-english relations
-Laurier personified national unity” / embraced British culture but proud of his French origins
Economic growth
-Did not understand economics but fortunate to be pm at a time of economic prosperity
-Easier for Laurier to be re-elected if economy was good
Provincial rights laurier-greenway compromise, 1897
-Did not interfere with business of provinces unlike Macdonald
-Respected provinces and allowed them to be sovereign within their jurisdiction
-1897 resolve Manitoba school crisis met with Thomas Greenway and created Laurier-Greenway
compromise
oAllowed for religious instruction for 30 min at end of each day within public school system
oCatholic school teacher hired where numbers are warranted (amount of catholic kids in area)
oLimited compromise
oEnd of bilingualism in the praries, more English speaking in western
Loyalty to Britain
-Never missed opportunity to praise british empire
- “seemed more British than an actual British
-Conscious attempt to overcome his ethnicity
-Doubt that any Canadians would vote for a French Canadian since majority = English but Laurier proved
otherwise
- Made it acceptable for a French Canadian to be voted
Patronage
-Gave friends government jobs
-Gave company contracts
-Old fashion corrupt system of government, old ways of doing politics
-Never tarnished his angelic” image
www.notesolution.com
Lecture 2Jan 17-11
The economic Boom, 1896-1911
Imperial reference
-Decreased tariffs on British goods
-Gave preference to the British, British goods popular amongst Canadians
-Helped the economy of Canadian
Clifford siftons peasants in sheepskin coats
-Responsible for immigration of Canada
-Did not care about the nationality of the immigrants in going into CWEST
oMany Ukranians and etc able to cope with conditions
Resource sector and industrial growth
-Logging, fishing, pulp & paper
-Bulk of industrial growth in Montreal and Ontario, 80% in Ontario
-West land of farmers, Ontario becoming more of cities”
“railway fever”
-Extraordinary growth
-End of Laurier era Canada had 55,000 km of railway
-2 more transcontinental lines were built, 3 in total
-Later became a problem
Industrialization in Canada
Rural depopulation and urbanization
- More people moving into the cities ex. Toronto and Montreal
-Cities were more regulated / sanitation improved
-During 1880s animals roaming around, garbage thrown on ground
-1885 smallpox epidemic killed thousands of people in Montreal, almost all French Canadian no access to
vaccine
The rise of the big business Timothy Eaton
-Businesses getting bigger, small shops phasing out and growth of larger companies
-Ex Timothy Eaton
oOpened first store in 1869, Yonge & Queens St.
oBardered with customers, paid back later
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Lecture 2 Jan 17-11 - Period of uncertainty, unease, unsure of the future - Economic depression The Laurier Boom, 1986-1911 - Positive economic times for Canada - Growth in the Canadian economy, in industry and western settlement - More than millions immigrated to western Canada - No issues dividing Canadians - Peaceful, prosperous, optimistic times th th - 19 c belong to US, but 20 C belongs to Canada - Laurier personified what the great things the country would become - French Canadian but admired british institution, loyal subject to the British empire - Increase of 3 million people from macdonald period to laurier (1881-1911) - Dramatic increase of pop for Scandinavian, ukranian, jewish and Russian - Pop of aboriginal decreased dying people - African Caribbeans not allowed into the border - English-Canadian, adopt to the traditions and etc - Equal population in both the rural and cities from 1881-1911 - Regional distribution - Drop in ont, que and maritimes but increase in western Sir Wilfred Laurier (1841-1919) - French Canadian Lawyer and journalist Federal MP, 1874-1919 Liberal leader, 1887-1919 Prime minister, 1896-1911 - Won four consecutive federal elections The first Canadian - Embodied best of both French and English cultures - Acknowledged as best speaker of his time in both English and French, flawless - Sent to Scotland to learn English fluently, spoke with a Scottish accent www.notesolution.com
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