Class Notes (922,334)
CA (542,800)
UTSC (32,897)
History (740)
HISB93H3 (57)
Yates (11)
Lecture 7

lecture 7

4 Pages
95 Views

Department
History
Course Code
HISB93H3
Professor
Yates

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.
Democracy of the Masses
1. "What a disappointment the 20th century has been" (Winston Churchill, 1922)
- the interwar desertion of liberal democracy and the 'problem' of the mass politics
2. Social and economic conditions
- challenges of postwar reconstruction
- the Great Depression and its solutions - attraction of the Soviet example
3. Fascisms and Popular Fronts
- Comintern's "class against class" policy and the European Left
- Popular Front success?: France (1934-1940)
- Popular Front failure?: Spain (1931-1939)
- parliamentary regimes set up in new constitutions
- reluctance in giving power to an authority (authoritarianism) - modeled on French system
(Presidents and Prime Ministers)
- 14 currencies in 1914 - 27 in 1917 - emerging currencies/countries
- democracy seems to be normal state of affairs - no question to what the states would look
like
- looking for protection and support from the League of Nations (minority treaties)
- countries looking for inspirations from the League
- USA, Russia, Germany does not endorse the League of Nations (Germany and Russia will
join)
- Russia little will to support policies/economic reconstruction of Europe - damaged
- Social democracy, fascism, ___________
- dictatorship spreading - Bolshevik turned into one-party, Hungary - Horthey, Fascism in
Italy, Portugal 1926 military coup
- Primo de Rivera (Spanish), Pilskuski (Poland 1926)
- all countries with exception of France, Britain is overruled by some type of dictatorship
- mass politics and the rise of liberal democracy
- the "masses" (general workers, women, minorities) are increasingly asking for and
to be involved with the political process, spread of the constitutional ___________
- new ways of globalizing masses that became interval for politics
-- political parties become machines - paramilitary groups with proportional
representation
-- flowering of political powers based on ability to mobilize the masses
- problems become magnified
- proportional representation = fractions - diverge of political responsibilities/ideologies
- not a unified and collective goal
- parliament highlights divisions - favour or disagree - the "average" no great dynamic
- not "natural leaders of society"
- leaders turn to the right to maintain natural hierarchies
- thought authoritarian were dynamic
Berdyaev - disillusionment, yearning of collective identity, rushing into some type of
societal group that allows them to be more than mere individuals
- places capitalism within
- dehumanizes the person - treats man as __________
The Great Depression 1929 - 1936
- dates generally vary as there are different markers for when the depression started
- economic conditions falling within Britain before 1929
- demobilization - economic dislocation, unemployment, inflation
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Democracy of the Masses th 1. What a disappointment the 20 century has been (Winston Churchill, 1922) - the interwar desertion of liberal democracy and the problem of the mass politics 2. Social and economic conditions - challenges of postwar reconstruction - the Great Depression and its solutions - attraction of the Soviet example 3. Fascisms and Popular Fronts - Cominterns class against class policy and the European Left - Popular Front success?: France (1934-1940) - Popular Front failure?: Spain (1931-1939) - parliamentary regimes set up in new constitutions - reluctance in giving power to an authority (authoritarianism) - modeled on French system (Presidents and Prime Ministers) - 14 currencies in 1914 - 27 in 1917 - emerging currenciescountries - democracy seems to be normal state of affairs - no question to what the states would look like - looking for protection and support from the League of Nations (minority treaties) - countries looking for inspirations from the League - USA, Russia, Germany does not endorse the League of Nations (Germany and Russia will join) - Russia little will to support policieseconomic reconstruction of Europe - damaged - Social democracy, fascism, ___________ - dictatorship spreading - Bolshevik turned into one-party, Hungary - Horthey, Fascism in Italy, Portugal 1926 military coup - Primo de Rivera (Spanish), Pilskuski (Poland 1926) - all countries with exception of France, Britain is overruled by some type of dictatorship - mass politics and the rise of liberal democracy - the masses (general workers, women, minorities) are increasingly asking for and to be involved with the political process, spread of the constitutional ___________ - new ways of globalizing masses that became interval for politics -- political parties become machines - paramilitary groups with proportional representation -- flowering of political powers based on ability to mobilize the masses - problems become magnified - proportional representation = fractions - diverge of political responsibilitiesideologies - not a unified and collective goal - parliament highlights divisions - favour or disagree - the average no great dynamic - not natural leaders of society - leaders turn to the right to maintain natural hierarchies - thought authoritarian were dynamic Berdyaev - disillusionment, yearning of collective identity, rushing into some type of societal group that allows them to be more than mere individuals - places capitalism within - dehumanizes the person - treats man as __________ The Great Depression 1929 - 1936 - dates generally vary as there are different markers for when the depression started - economic conditions falling within Britain before 1929 - demobilization - economic dislocation, unemployment, inflation www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit