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2 Nov 2010
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L09 The Second World War
Making the Volksgemeinschaft - race and the Nazi regime
[national community to define and exclude various components of society]
- consent and coercion in daily life
Hitler's Foreign Policy, 1933-1939 [steps leading to the war]
- revising the Treaty of Versailles [most mobilizing political platforms]
- Lebensraum [conservative ideology of 'living space', encircled by enemies]
Appeasement, 1935-1939: the only logical course?
[diplomatic policy by Britain and France to respond to Germany's expansionist aims]
- Chamberlain and the 'climate of appeasement'
The Second World War and Nazi ideology
- colonizing Europe
- the Final Solution/Holocaust
Creating the Volkgemeinschaft - defining and excluding racial enemies
1933 - Jews are excluded from position in the civil service, teaching, national health service,
journalism, theatre and film
- boycotting of Jewish shops and businesses organized
- organized from the top, to make acts of violence look spontaneous (from below)
- quotas on Jews in universities and public high schools imposed
- law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring institutes sterilization of
individuals with various conditions assumed to be hereditary (such as physical deformity,
schizophrenia, alcoholism) -- sterilized up to 400 000
- murdered children under 3 with disabilities
- anything that made an individual look like that they don't contribute to the society
-- encourage Jews to emigrate from Germany
1935 - Nuremberg Laws: 'the Law for the Protection of German Blood and German Honour'
bans new marriages between Aryans and Jews; 'the Reich Citizenship Law' strips Jews of
their German citizenship
- how to determine Jewish, 'mixed status' becomes complicated and invades personal life
- Aryan passports to prove that you are an Aryan in order to undertake basic aspects of
everyday life (marriage, work, ride railways) -- not issued by the state, has to make them up
themselves from post office tracing ancestry in racial categories
- progressive exclusion of Jews from shops [+ public violence Æ seclusion, don't go out,
cannot take the stress and commits suicide]
- by 1941, Jews have to wear the yellow Star of David - viewed to be internal enemies until
pointed out
1938 - November 9 Kristallnacht, the Night of Broken Glass - organized by the NSDAP
(National Socialist or Nazi Party), over 1000 synagogues are burned and thousands of
Jewish shops destroyed - deportations of 20 000 to 30 000 Jews to concentration camps
- all Jewish children expelled from school
- Nazis assume control of Jewish-owned businesses [hand over]
1939 - Euthanasia campaign - murdering mentally and physically "deficient" hospital
inmates claims over 70 000 lives before halted in August 1941 by public outcry and Church
protests
- outcry as they are 'Germans' but murder of Jewish do not occur at any point
- began with children testing the efficiency of the campaign
- from September, Jews are forbidden to own or listen to the radio
- Hitler administers a Public _______________ under Goebbels
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Document Summary

Making the volksgemeinschaft - race and the nazi regime. [national community to define and exclude various components of society] Hitler"s foreign policy, 1933-1939 [steps leading to the war] Revising the treaty of versailles [most mobilizing political platforms] Lebensraum [conservative ideology of "living space", encircled by enemies] [diplomatic policy by britain and france to respond to germany"s expansionist aims] Creating the volkgemeinschaft - defining and excluding racial enemies. 1933 - jews are excluded from position in the civil service, teaching, national health service, journalism, theatre and film. Boycotting of jewish shops and businesses organized. Organized from the top, to make acts of violence look spontaneous (from below) Quotas on jews in universities and public high schools imposed. Law for the prevention of genetically diseased offspring institutes sterilization of individuals with various conditions assumed to be hereditary (such as physical deformity, schizophrenia, alcoholism) -- sterilized up to 400 000.

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