Class Notes (903,899)
CA (538,118)
UTSC (32,633)
History (740)
HISB93H3 (57)
Lecture

HISB93H3 Professor Dowler Summer 2010 Lecture Note

4 Pages
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Department
History
Course Code
HISB93H3
Professor
Wayne Dowler

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OCT 29
x The time of troubles ended with the expulsion of Poles out of Russia
x Jan 1613, a council of the land named Zemskii Sobor (non-JRY¶WLQVWLWXWLRQVLQZKLFK
boyars, service gentry, Cossacks and a few independent peasants met in Moscow to name a
new Tsar
x They excluded all foreign candidates (Sigusmand and his son) and they looked for a Russian
candidate
x They settled on Michael Romanov (16 year old son of Filaret)
x Michael was a compromise candidate but he appealed to a wide population as the Romanov
were popular amongst service gentry, common people, Cossacks and other military people
x 0LFKDHO¶VJUDQGIDWKHU1LNLWHYZDVJHQHURXVDQGQLFHDQGKDGWDONHGGRZQ,YDQWKH7HUULEOH
many times. There was even a song about Nikitev
x Michael was acceptable to the boyars because he was young, unhealthy and unclever
x His father was in a Polish prison so he was out of the way
x The boyars felt that they would be able to manage him easily
x Therefore, they did not put any constitutional limits to his power
x Another why Michael was acceptable was because he was the cousin of the last Tsar Fedor.
x His legitimacy rested on that relationship
x The new Romanov dynasty was established with absolute power
x Over the years, it developed those powers and retained them until 1905
x The 17th century saw the establishment of the institutions of an absolute state.
x Like most European countries, Russia was part of the age of absolutism
x France, Louis the 14th was the sole ruler
x The exception was England where there was a battle until a compromise was reached
between the crown and parliament
x There is a close relationship between pursuing foreign policy goals and domestic traditions
x The 17th century was a time of warfare for Russia. 1632-1634, war with Poland. 1654-67 was
with Poles and Swedes. End of century, Turks and Swedes again.
x It was a radical change for the way of war too. They changed from cavalry army into an
infantry army that was able to match their European enemies.
x These changes were very costly and this led to the broadening of tax
x If more taxes are collected, a larger administration is needed
x Beginning of 17th century, not much had changed from Ivan the Terrible
x This new government was very conservative
x The members of the government were committed the compromise of Michael
x Period of consensus in government so no innovation
x This government wanted to put Russia back to the period before time of troubles socially
x Filaret is released in 1619
x He returns to Moscow, and he is named patriarch of the Church
x The patriarch is given almost equal power of the Tsar. For example, he received foreign
ambassadors
x Filaret was the real leader of the government until he died in 1633
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Description
OCT 29 N The time of troubles ended with the expulsion of Poles out of Russia N Jan 1613, a council of the land named Zemskii Sobor (non-J4;9L389L9:9L438L3ZKL.K boyars, service gentry, Cossacks and a few independent peasants met in Moscow to name a new Tsar N They excluded all foreign candidates (Sigusmand and his son) and they looked for a Russian candidate N They settled on Michael Romanov (16 year old son of Filaret) N Michael was a compromise candidate but he appealed to a wide population as the Romanov were popular amongst service gentry, common people, Cossacks and other military people N L.K,0O8J7,3/1,9K07LNL90;Z,8J03074:8,3/3L.0,3/K,/9,ON0//4Z3,;,39K0%077L-O0 many times. There was even a song about Nikitev N Michael was acceptable to the boyars because he was young, unhealthy and unclever N His father was in a Polish prison so he was out of the way N The boyars felt that they would be able to manage him easily N Therefore, they did not put any constitutional limits to his power N Another why Michael was acceptable was because he was the cousin of the last Tsar Fedor. N His legitimacy rested on that relationship N The new Romanov dynasty was established with absolute power N Over the years, it developed those powers and retained them until 1905 N The 17 century saw the establishment of the institutions of an absolute state. N Like most European thuntries, Russia was part of the age of absolutism N France, Louis the 14 was the sole ruler N The exception was England where there was a battle until a compromise was reached between the crown and parliament N There is a close relationship between pursuing foreign policy goals and domestic traditions th N The 17 century was a time of warfare for Russia. 1632-1634, war with Poland. 1654-67 was with Poles and Swedes. End of century, Turks and Swedes again. N It was a radical change for the way of war too. They changed from cavalry army into an infantry army that was able to match their European enemies. N These changes were very costly and this led to the broadening of tax N If more taxes ath collected, a larger administration is needed N Beginning of 17 century, not much had changed from Ivan the Terrible N This new government was very conservative N The members of the government were committed the compromise of Michael N Period of consensus in government so no innovation N This government wanted to put Russia back to the period before time of troubles socially N Filaret is released in 1619 N He returns to Moscow, and he is named patriarch of the Church N The patriarch is given almost equal power of the Tsar. For example, he received foreign ambassadors N Filaret was the real leader of the government until he died in 1633 www.notesolution.com
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