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Lecture

HISB93H3 Professor Dowler Fall 2009 Lecture Note

4 Pages
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Department
History
Course Code
HISB93H3
Professor
Wayne Dowler

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NOV 12
x Tula
x )LOD¶UHW
x During the 17th century, the Muscovite state in order to defend itself to defend itself had to
use western techniques
x Traditional muscovite culture started to clash with western cultures
x It leads to a major crisis in the Muscovite conciousness
x Traditional muscovite culture derived from Byzantine
x 7KHFXOWXUHRI%\]DQWLXPZDVYHU\ULFK,W¶VFKXUFKKDGURRWVLQWHDFKLQJVRIWKH%LEOH
x When Byzantine culture was transferred to Russia, the Russians did not completely absorb it
because it moved rapidly from paganism into Christianity
x They adopted Byzantine culture selected as they were not prepared intellectually and
spiritually to learn about the culture
x It was an esthetical adoption rather than its philosophy and theology
x The Byzantine Church permitted Slavic members to speak in Slavonic
x Since Russians did not have to learn Greek, they were cut off from Greek philosophy
x Russian church hierarchs thought it was undesirable to translate so they tended to be cut off
from civilization
x The result of the separation from classical literature led to a narrow tradition: authority of the
text, stressed obedience and ignored the humanistic and rationalistic sides of theology
x It was a highly visual culture such as icons and church decorations (paintings that told
stories). Not a culture that relies on text
x 5XVVLD¶VJHRJUDSKLFDOLVRODWLRQDQGLW¶VKDWUHGDJDLQVW&DWKROLFLVPHQDEOHGWKH&KXUFKWR
minimize outside opinions
x The Renaissance and Refermation did not affect Russia (big events)
x Alchamy and astrology (very big in the Renaissance) made a small appearance in Russia
x Moreover, Renaissance interest in mathematics became very powerful in Russia
x Renaissance has minimal affect on Russia
x Church opposed to pre-science (astrology) and mathematics
x The approach of the Church to learning was hostile and that opinion (anything outside of the
authority of the text) was a second fall
x The ideas of the Renaissance made very little progress in Russia
x The ideal of Muscovite religion was the image of vineyard planted for god. Russia is a place
where souls are planted. The harvest is taking up the souls after life into another world
x Life on earth was a preparation for life after death
x Happiness of earth is not the human destiny. It is a reward after death for obedience
x So it is a very narrow religion and culture
x All other aspects of the culture were organized around the vineyard
x Literature was religious
x The Chronicles were written as religious epics that told tales about ordinary men and kings
were punished or rewarded according to their obedience
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Description
NOV 12 N Tula N LO,709 th N During the 17 century, the Muscovite state in order to defend itself to defend itself had to use western techniques N Traditional muscovite culture started to clash with western cultures N It leads to a major crisis in the Muscovite conciousness N Traditional muscovite culture derived from Byzantine N %K0.:O9:7041],39L:2Z,8;077L.K ,98.K:7.KK,74498L390,.KL3J8419K0L-O0 N When Byzantine culture was transferred to Russia, the Russians did not completely absorb it because it moved rapidly from paganism into Christianity N They adopted Byzantine culture selected as they were not prepared intellectually and spiritually to learn about the culture N It was an esthetical adoption rather than its philosophy and theology N The Byzantine Church permitted Slavic members to speak in Slavonic N Since Russians did not have to learn Greek, they were cut off from Greek philosophy N Russian church hierarchs thought it was undesirable to translate so they tended to be cut off from civilization N The result of the separation from classical literature led to a narrow tradition: authority of the text, stressed obedience and ignored the humanistic and rationalistic sides of theology N It was a highly visual culture such as icons and church decorations (paintings that told stories). Not a culture that relies on text N #:88L,8J04J7,5KL.,OL84O,9L43,3L98K,970,J,L389,9K4OL.L8203,-O09K0K:7.K94 minimize outside opinions N The Renaissance and Refermation did not affect Russia (big events) N Alchamy and astrology (very big in the Renaissance) made a small appearance in Russia N Moreover, Renaissance interest in mathematics became very powerful in Russia N Renaissance has minimal affect on Russia N Church opposed to pre-science (astrology) and mathematics N The approach of the Church to learning was hostile and that opinion (anything outside of the authority of the text) was a second fall N The ideas of the Renaissance made very little progress in Russia N The ideal of Muscovite religion was the image of vineyard planted for god. Russia is a place where souls are planted. The harvest is taking up the souls after life into another world N Life on earth was a preparation for life after death N Happiness of earth is not the human destiny. It is a reward after death for obedience N So it is a very narrow religion and culture N All other aspects of the culture were organized around the vineyard N Literature was religious N The Chronicles were written as religious epics that told tales about ordinary men and kings were punished or rewarded according to their obedience www.notesolution.com
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