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Lecture 1

HISC57-6.docx

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Department
History
Course Code
HISC57H3
Professor
Marian

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Description
HISC57 Lecture #6 │1 • 1949 Beijing - Communist China -50 years of dissarry b/w Goumindong and Communists who have been chasing e/o all over -famine, natural disasters, diff. getting stuff to people; a lot of polit. distrust -Mao’s first few years focused on consolidating people’s faith in his leadership -5 year plans (Russia footing the bill) - in order to gain status in the world; agrarian/peasant society b/f , b/c becoming “RED” only country who wanted to help was Russia; but in today’s terms got only 3 mill over 5 years + Russian engineers to boost econ. -China’s own plan tried to target sheet metal, coal prod., and steel prod.; each factory had target goal prod.’s like Russian/Stalin plan -1952-1957 indust. prod. increased 130%; things initially went well espec. in areas where Soviets were positioned (although this changes later on) -agric. sector grew but only by 4% in comparison to 130% thus famine: can’t import b/c only trading relat. is with Soviet Union who is partnering with China partly b/c of it’s large agric. cult. base of which it hopes to import grain from nd -2 5 year plan (1958): The Great Leap Forward (wanted by 1988 for China to match the US in econ.) -done to further frow industry and agric.; agric. needs industry to get tools for modernization etc. b/ your indust. workers need food -thus communes of varying size (dep. on geo. space and pop. size; typ. 5,000): all tools and pers. prop. use for communal structure; not working for yourself, working for purpose of commune; schools/nurseries/health care provided by communes and elderly moved into houses of happiness (so that people didn’t waste time caring for them and instead worked); pop. inside the commune is subdivided so put in teams of about 12 fam’s  work team 12 of those = brigade -joining the party was a prestigious thing but not ev/one could join -how does Mao restructure/recode everything inclu. fam. structure in a short a/m of time (700 mill. in 27/28 thous. communes over 5 years) *Mao was able to convince people that they wanted this: able to demonstrate that this was what served them best: massive propaganda, highjacking education - intellect congrueity: everyone is getting the same info how is this enforced? nothing bad had happened yet people were idealistic and enthusiastic thus he could use pure influence - people were assigned the task of teaching each other, he convinced people to convince their neighbours HISC57 Lecture #6 │2 -Propoganda: beat targets - who can serve China and Mao the best?, if lacking machinery then bare hands used, psych.: had to listen to polit. speeches while they did phys. labour -production at any cost: 600 thous. backyard furnaces making steel (prod. 11 mill. tons) - women even melted wedding rings but steel like other things made with bare hands and not good tools weren’t good in quality -1959 things start to fall apart just a year later -direction from party leaders (prod. 10 tons of
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