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Lecture 1

HISC57H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Class Conflict, Jiang Qing, Cuban Missile Crisis

3 pages114 viewsFall 2014

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HISC57 Lecture #6
1949 Beijing - Communist China
-50 years of dissarry b/w Goumindong and Communists who have been chasing e/o all over
-famine, natural disasters, diff. getting stuff to people; a lot of polit. distrust
-Mao’s first few years focused on consolidating people’s faith in his leadership
-5 year plans (Russia footing the bill) - in order to gain status in the world; agrarian/peasant
society b/f , b/c becoming “RED” only country who wanted to help was Russia; but in today’s
terms got only 3 mill over 5 years + Russian engineers to boost econ.
-China’s own plan tried to target sheet metal, coal prod., and steel prod.; each factory had
target goal prod.’s like Russian/Stalin plan
-1952-1957 indust. prod. increased 130%; things initially went well espec. in areas where
Soviets were positioned (although this changes later on)
-agric. sector grew but only by 4% in comparison to 130% thus famine: can’t import b/c
only trading relat. is with Soviet Union who is partnering with China partly b/c of it’s large agric.
cult. base of which it hopes to import grain from
-2nd 5 year plan (1958): The Great Leap Forward (wanted by 1988 for China to match the US
in econ.)
-done to further frow industry and agric.; agric. needs industry to get tools for modernization
etc. b/ your indust. workers need food
-thus communes of varying size (dep. on geo. space and pop. size; typ. 5,000): all tools and
pers. prop. use for communal structure; not working for yourself, working for purpose of
commune; schools/nurseries/health care provided by communes and elderly moved into houses
of happiness (so that people didn’t waste time caring for them and instead worked); pop. inside
the commune is subdivided so put in teams of about 12 fam’s  work team 12 of those =
-joining the party was a prestigious thing but not ev/one could join
-how does Mao restructure/recode everything inclu. fam. structure in a short a/m of time
(700 mill. in 27/28 thous. communes over 5 years)
*Mao was able to convince people that they wanted this: able to demonstrate that this
was what served them best: massive propaganda, highjacking education - intellect congrueity:
everyone is getting the same info how is this enforced? nothing bad had happened yet people
were idealistic and enthusiastic thus he could use pure influence - people were assigned the
task of teaching each other, he convinced people to convince their neighbours
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