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Lecture 2

Lecture 2 September 19. 2012.doc


Department
History
Course Code
HISC65H3
Professor
Natalie Rothman
Lecture
2

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HISC65Lecture 2 - September 19, 2012
Key Themes:
Early Settlement in the Lagoon
Venice as a bridge between Byzantium and the Franks
Venetian political consolidation and de facto autonmy
The “Pious Theft” of St. Mark’s Body
The Fourth Crusade and its Aftermath
Key Terms:
Veneto
Terraferma(mainland)
Cassiodorus
Stato da Mar(maritime state)
Doge
Translation of St.Mark
Pax Tibi Marce, Evangelista Meus
Winged Lion
The Fourth Crusade(1202-1204)
Geoffroy de Villehardouin(1160-c.1212)
Enrioce Dandolo(dogeship:1192-1205)
The Sack of Constantinople
-Arial photo of Venice, northwest tip of the Adriatic Sea
-German map of the Venetian Empire(sea based empire controlling other islands)
-Map showing the Venice and the proximity to the mainland
-Origins of Venice - shrouded in myth
-early settlement, encouragement from Barbarian tribes
-421 King of Vivigoths leading an invasion (no evidence)
-453 Attila the Hun invasion, believe he was buried there
-The lagoon was never the abandoned marshlands, in fact it was a farmland in
earlier time.
-Venice: The Early Centuries
-537 Cassiodorus Roman Senator
-Suggests that Venice was a more a man made structure vs. a natural settle-
ment.

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HISC65Lecture 2 - September 19, 2012
-the ability to change between solid ground and water based
-comparison to the Greek islands
-in relation to Byzantine structures
-The Lombard invasions(T)
-exodus to the Veneto
-The Lombards came to stay
-shifting balance of power, -> transformed the lagoon
Map: Lombard and Byzantine territories on the Italian Pennisula
-political challenge Lombard vs. Byzantine
-Byzantine presence was not as visible in comparison to Lombard
-nature of the relationship is unknown (no documents, evidence)
-Map of Grado
-Map of Torcello
-Map of Eraclea
-Map of Malamocco
-Basilica of Santa Maria Assunta, Torcello
-proof of Byzantine presence
-built as early as c. 639-640
-No clear separation between political(state) and religious power. The emperor
was both the head of the church and the head of state.
-Image: 12th cen. Byzantine mosaic in Torcello.
-Artistic and cultural influence
-Three Venetian Doges
-Reputed first doge of Venice (Paoluccio Anafesto)
-some historians believe he was not elected but might have been a representa-
tive of Byzantium
-established the borders
-political cohesion
-Teodato Ipato
-moved the main city to Malamocco
-Feudal medieval symbolism
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