Universalism and the French Revolution
The larger context revolutionary change that were talking about is the Atlantic
Revolution – 1776 – 1820
Touched the atlantic world, nely interconnected space.
The revolutions are really spread out a little bit, the American in the beginning,
1776, ftench in 1789, Haitian 1790 and Spanish American in 1810 and 1820s
The import of these atlantic revolutions, one is that its really challenging and
overturning many of the assumptions and foundations of the early modern world.
Basic foundatrions that were made the early modern world quite different from
Identification with the local
Corporate bodies – the idea that there were these specific groups and communities
that you were bound to and apart of
For many people, membership in a coroporate body like a guild was the foundations
of their work life, social life and identity
The great chain of being – significantly undermines the social ineqauality through
Devine Right – the idea that the ruleris authorized to rule through god
Duty vs freedom – abstract thin, very important through atlantic revolution,
characterized through their types of freedom.
Information: before “news”
It took a a long time for messages to get around, and spread slowly.
Fench revolution – a much more thourough and radical.
It directly addressing all these fundamental pillars of the early modern world.
Come to see everything about the world as able to be recreated, nothing in a sense is
- the emergence of the nation state – increasing identification with the “ation”
- Abolshed corporate bodies
- An explosion of media – there were no newspapers, there was one periodical
that was created once a month – was created by the government though
- Undermined devine right
- With the revolution we had eleven newspapers – books, pamphlets cheap
The enlightenment helped to make the revolutions possible. - Why they occurred
- a time of destablization and the questioning of authority (religious, ppolitical,