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Lecture 15

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Natalie Rothman

History Lecture 15 - November 03/10 Globalizing Empires II: The Habsburgs Key terms - People - Ferdinand & Isabella, Charles V(r. 1519-1556), Philip II (r. 1556-1598) Concepts- Composite Monarchy, Purity of Blood, Inquisition, Settler Colonies, settler Colonies, Hacienda & encomienda, Timar Themes - similarities and differences between ottoman and Habsburg imperial structures - Settler colonies: "we came here to serve God and the King, and also to get rich." (A soldier with Cortes) -"Colonial Spanish America was a vast laboratory of ethnic mixing and cultural change." (Strayer, p . 634) Mihrimah Mosque, Istanbul - Infrastructure of empire, role of women, daughter of the sultan, suleyman** structures soup kitchen, training institutions, initiatives tied together different parts of empire, patriot - Egnatia, very prominent road, ottomans major role in preserving road, major hostile for travelers on these routes, built bridges, appoa (another road) constructing roads/ preserving roads another developing infrastructure of empire - provincial governing - ottomans wide in circulating governments frequently, this stopped people from creating local power bases and also people in power learned from the different places, they were worldly educated, skilled accomplished governors that had all come from same place (the child levy, taken to Istanbul as child and re educated....) Ulama - educated class of scholars / teachers, travelled frequently, invited scholars to Istanbul to more prestige’s schools/madras’s to teach, -**a timar system - system of land grants given to individuals in return for certain services, Christian or Muslim, Christian warriors, monasteries, Muslim soldiers and others, initially open ended system later more often Muslim, not hereditary land grants, circulation of people, Kenan Pasha on his way to Drama in Macedonia with a retinue of soldiers Common people understood the sultan as a power and law giver, special bond with ruler, protecting from local rulers Law code developed by sultan soloman Hapsburg -
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