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Lecture 10

Lecture 10.docx

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Sheldon Ungar

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Lecture 9: Interconnections II – Travelers, Missionaries, and Merchants People: Odoric of Pordenone (1286-1331) William of Rubruck (ca. 1220-1293) Giovanni da Pian del Carpine (1180-1252) Sir John Mandeville Prester John Places: Mecca Venice Silk Road Indian Ocean Concepts: Trade diaspora Hajj Black Death Caravan Lecture’s theme: How medieval piety and profit connected distant places and fostered long- distance trade and cross-cultural interactions Trade facilitated biological, technological, and cultural exchanges that profoundly influenced all societies engages in cross-cultural trade The first trade route is the Mediterranean, overlapping networks of pilgrims, scholars Religious trade took place in antiquity Initially, the products that were traded are the only things that travelled the full length, people moved certain distance - Caravans, massive group of people/animals that travel together - Essentially a large Eurasian African network Intensification of Trade: Access to more resources Access to Arabic as a trade language Common religion, facilitated comfort level between foreigners Muhammed was a merchant, elevated social status Annual pilgrimage to Mecca and Medina, huge commercial opportunity, people all gathering in one place, Hajj was instrumental, the infrastructure of the Hajj, means the same routes of pilgri
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