Week 3, Lecture 3 HISA04 Themes in World History Mon 26 Sept 2012
Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II (By Gentile Bellini 1480)
- Popularized portraiture amongst Ottomans
Maps: A Different Kind of Portrait
- May be relation between rule rand people.
- Way rulers and how they control empires, and expansionism.
- How states saw themselves in the world.
- Worldview emerging for the first time growing more accurately throughout the
Maps of the Familiar and the Unfamiliar
- Presenting familiar territories in unfamiliar ways, and presenting unfamiliar
territories in familiar ways or ways they see it or think it would be like.
- Says how rulers would want to use each territory by what they focus on.
Imperial Mapmaking in the 1660s
- China, Russia and France
- Developments of longitude and latitude using overseas voyages while establishing
- Survey own territory in a more complete way after establishing longitude and
- It was a huge investment of time and money.
- Chinese surveys completed in 1717, French 1744, and Russians 1745.
- Not much European influence in dress-code.
- No use of shadow to create depth and no use of perspective.
- Lack of background, and no religious symbols.
Chinese Imperial Expansion (Ming > Qing Dynasty 1644-1760)
- Not open to trade with foreigners because they felt they would not benefit from
- Relied on indigenous technology than foreign.
- Expansion part of driving force behind desire to map their territory.
- Developed much more quickly than other empires did.
- Russian and Chinese empires expanded towards each other and had a very close
- Both China and Russia’s imperial expansions mark modern nations’ borders.
- Russian interested in expanding territory up north/northern region.
Taxation and State Power
- What is necessary for a State to collect taxes?
- Know how many people there are, know who they are, (no identification, no ID, no
passports etc.) thus tax the land, and records are kept of the land not its peoples.
- ‘An offi