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Year 1 - HISA04 Themes in World History I W3 L3 - Sept26.doc

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William Nelson

th Week 3, Lecture 3 HISA04 Themes in World History Mon 26 Sept 2012 Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II (By Gentile Bellini 1480) - Popularized portraiture amongst Ottomans Maps: A Different Kind of Portrait - May be relation between rule rand people. - Way rulers and how they control empires, and expansionism. - How states saw themselves in the world. - Worldview emerging for the first time growing more accurately throughout the centuries. Maps of the Familiar and the Unfamiliar - Presenting familiar territories in unfamiliar ways, and presenting unfamiliar territories in familiar ways or ways they see it or think it would be like. - Says how rulers would want to use each territory by what they focus on. Imperial Mapmaking in the 1660s - China, Russia and France - Developments of longitude and latitude using overseas voyages while establishing trade routes. - Survey own territory in a more complete way after establishing longitude and latitude. - It was a huge investment of time and money. - Chinese surveys completed in 1717, French 1744, and Russians 1745. Chinese Portraits - Not much European influence in dress-code. - No use of shadow to create depth and no use of perspective. - Lack of background, and no religious symbols. Chinese Imperial Expansion (Ming > Qing Dynasty 1644-1760) - Not open to trade with foreigners because they felt they would not benefit from them. - Relied on indigenous technology than foreign. - Expansion part of driving force behind desire to map their territory. - Developed much more quickly than other empires did. - Russian and Chinese empires expanded towards each other and had a very close border. - Both China and Russia’s imperial expansions mark modern nations’ borders. - Russian interested in expanding territory up north/northern region. Taxation and State Power - What is necessary for a State to collect taxes? - Know how many people there are, know who they are, (no identification, no ID, no passports etc.) thus tax the land, and records are kept of the land not its peoples. French Cadastre - ‘An offi
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