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Year 1 - HISA04 Themes in World History I W4 L4 - Oct1.doc

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William Nelson

st Week 4, Lecture 4 HISA04 Themes in World History Mon 1 Oct 2012 Vermeer c.1664 - Painted in what is now the Netherlands, back then was the United Provinces. - Woman in painting is measuring something, weight coins - There were no common currencies in any countries back then. - Netherlands introduced currency, minted coins, but went out of circulation displaced by silver and gold coins by other countries. - Gold and silver of back then were softer; you had to weigh them to make sure they are worth what they are worth. - She looks pregnant. - New focus on money and morals has shifted as if to say ‘money is everything’. - Woman looks well-off, she takes cares of finances at home, there are coins stacked up near the pearls; quite a large quantity of gold and silver coins. - Painting in the back is the Last Supper, and it contrasts the difference between focus on wealth and the focus on religion between the two periods. - Significant shift in Europe of how people thought of trade and what mattered – showed transformation of economies from influx on silver. Part 1: Silver A River of Silver - Scholars written ‘the silver century’ beginning around 1570; boomed around that time. - Two major mining cities = Potosi - Shows how quickly silver played a big role in global economy. - Native mining was small, and Natives thought it was non-inhabitable thus never really had a permanent outpost there. - Spanish mind-boggled at amount of silver in mines and expanded their mines there, and within 25yrs Potosi became one of the biggest silver in the world at that time due to the amount of silver there and the desire of the Spanish to mine all silver. - Became forced labour system with the Natives as the slaves, slaves were poorly paid. - Many died in great numbers due to different types of diseases. - Two primary routes; 1/3 taken to Europe, and 2/3 taken to Manila/a city in what is now Mexico. Manila and the Ox Hide - Manila was established already as an outpost of Chinese trade. - Illegal, but it was significant developed and high numbers of traders already there. - When Spanish arrived, Manila was not controlled by Chinese, but a Muslim nomadic community. - European contact brought along with them their view of the world to them. - After attaining 12km of land, it wasn’t long before they assassinated the Suleiman and took control of entire Manila. - Manila became nexus where the Chinese economy made contact with European
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