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Natalie Rothman

History Lecture 13 Oct 27th, 2010 final exam - will have identifications only from the midterm point on, but also essay question = cumulative, covers all of the course Imperial cartographies Keyterms People- Gerard Mercator, Ptolemy, Piri Reis, Abraham Ortelius, Matteo Ricci Concepts- Imperial cartography, Mercator projection, Mappamundi, T-O map, Portolan Chart, Euroentrism Lecture's themes - competing ways of imagining and depicting t world in different times, places, and social contexts - how cartography depended on other projects of cultural renewal and gave them distinct shape - the deep (and reciprocal) links between map-making and empire-building -14th 15th 16th centuries in what ways to all maps represent the world in unique ways relivent to the period and the people who used them image by Hans Holbein the Younger, The Ambassadors (1533) - ambassadors of Henry VIII, things portrayed behind them, two globes one terrestial and one celestrial, and tool to messure them, reflects the elivated status of those depicted in the portrait, consumtion of globes a marker of high status, new understanding of the globe during this period, people became aware of the size of the globe and growing world around them, marks your an educated and well imformed person Earliest surviving globe,created 1492 by Martin Behaim (1459-1507) - incorporation of the americas into world maps in early 16th century, often missshaped form because people did not know shape and extent of the americas, rapid exchange of knowledge around the world, rapid pace of information about exploration spread, americas become icon of explosion of knowledge and fast spread of knowledge, some historians say the first century of globalization ability to produce both text and images in mass qauntities, can be enjoyed and appreciated by those who are illeterate, therefore map are very effective tool of ideology GerardMercator - important player in printing and circulating maps, legacy in how we imagine the world, way he projected the globe on a flat plan the mercator projection world map, created a map favorable for navigation beecause the lines are straight and easy to follow, this map became very dominate, conformal map, another projection from 18th century the mollweide proection world map is much more accurate in terms of size but not in terms of shape ad direction of lines Marco Polo kneeling before Kubilai Khan, miniature cs. 1410-1412 - aactual worked for him as member of his court for a period of time, significance - the way people viewed the world had everything to do with their travels, already incorporating in their understanding the ideas of other highly educated an
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