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Lecture 8

Lecture 8

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Neville Panthaki

L08 Bismarck Politics not an exact and logical science, but it is the capacity to choose in each fleeting moment of the situation that which is least harmful or most opportune. - not a set plan diplomacy, statesman responding to the best course - after left, German diplomacy takes a turn - plan and a perogative We do not live alone in Europe but with three other nations that hate and envy us. All politics reduces itself to this formula; try to be one of three, as long as the world is governed by the unstable equilibrium of five great powers. - always be in the majority (one of three) The secret of diplomacy is to make a good treaty with Russia. Think of Austria off the map and we are isolated in between France and Russia. - geopolitics, two front confrontation will be disastrous - Austria is a necessary powerally My map of Africa lies in Europe. Here is Russia and here lies France, and we are in the middle. That is my map of Africa. - African concerns were NOT concerns of Germany - divert attention [thought Russia and France would never be on the same side] - mistake of peace terms: [wars - 1864 1866] - no one expected Austria to be beaten (militarily strongleaders) - Austria was valuable ally of Germany (won but repaired) - did not repair France - defeat and humiliation for Austria 1870 with French - Alsace-Lorraine seized [did not ask for Austrian territory, left Austria intact] -- one was ethnically German, lack of reason to take territory
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