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Lecture 9

Lecture 9

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Neville Panthaki

- background up until 1890 - represented in different ways (connection, date, related) L10 Phase 2: attempt to break deadlock - longest period to break strategy - Napoleon conflict (last time powers all went to war) - moving battles - diverting attention of conflict elsewhere Gallipoli (April 25, 1915 - January 1916) - attempt to knock out Ottoman Turks - second period of conflict - war of attrition -- force a decision (causing diplomatic problem that may lead to peace table talks) - 6 landings before actually got on shore (last 2 made it), lost (8000) - through Medittarean onto beach - get through beach & mountainshills - Turks look down and have free range of fire - Turks hold cliffs, Brits hold beach -- dig into the beach - 8 months, still on the beach because impossible to get to cliffs - water + dampness malaria and typhoid - allied retreat, 250 000 dead trying to get on to the boats - trench warfare = how you win, overcome the trenches * innovations (airplane, gas, tanks) to overcome trench warfare Verdun: strategy attrition (February - December 1916) - German had own version of attrition strategy - Falkenhayn decides on Verdun - strategically on the road to Paris - if Verdun falls, Paris is open - strong fort, point of French pride (used by Napoleon) - Falkenhayn does not want to win the battle - wants to have 3:
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