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Lecture 16

Lecture 16

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Neville Panthaki

L16 British India (administered a subcontinent as a single colony) - India (~1600-1858) ruled by British East India Company as commercial enterprise similar to Husdons Bay Company South - Madras, 1639 West - Bombay, 1661 (presidency - administrative capital centres) East - Calcutta, 1696 - ruled on the periphery as they were trading - began to work inland - Mutiny 1857 (in North) brought a halt to the rule by company direct rule to 1947 West Pakistan (1947) East Pakistan Bangladesh (1972) - grouped diverse peoples together under a single authoritycustomary law * expanded to Ceylon (Sri Lanka) by Madras presidency from 1795-1798 became crown colony separate from India (1798-1948) - Sri Lanka (1948) * Burma annexed to India (1826-1886) - became part of the colony, separated as crown colony Burma (1937-1948) - Myanmar (1989) - different in terms of size, diversity, British desire to rule - attempt to impose French-like solution to create a single administration over a diverse population - tried to impose singularity by language (English) James Stuart Mill vs. Thomas Macaulay - Vernacular languages - uniformity of English * education is a system of propaganda (in order for it to work, has to be uniform, stressing basis, medium of instructiontransferring ideas) * cultural connotations within languages - make them subordinate to culture - utilitarian point of
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