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Lecture 20

Lecture 20

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Neville Panthaki

L20 League of Nations Realism Liberalism - based on Bismarckian idea that force and power is the motive of diplomacy & only thing that matters - as of first world war, resulting carnagepsychological damage to the people who had constructed the 19th century system -- led to want to try to create an alternate shift * based on balance of power (that no arbitration (diplomacy should not revolve around one nation would be stronger than force and power, but collectivism) another) - trying to ensure that the problem wont arise in the first place - liberalism = arbitration on the idea that it will lead to a succession on hostilities or provide a security based on collectivism * webbloc alliances collective security - after WWI, more dependence on collective security toward what Wilson wanted (move away from big power politics towards idea of working together) - block alliances, security was kept on the basis of threat * arms build up disarmament - safeguard was supposed to be equal disadvantage - not advantage - no state was allowed to build up arms - realism was modelledbased on the ideology that humanity is corrupt, power is natural, force keeps everything in check * is anarchial model of state system state relations based - only arms can keep the balance, bloc can keep against, balance of power is worthy of holding peace - states used to only listen to force- based on moralitiesethics only thing to overpower them - based more on the reconstructionre- understanding of diplomacy on the idea that it could work -- ethics and morality should be the basis of diplomacy, not force and power - became obvious that great power only listened to their own interests as they did prior WWI - though nations formed diplomacy under these conditionsideals - great powers began to pursue their own interests irrespective of joint objectives Locarno Treaty - 1925 - Stresemann Stresemann reintroduced Germany into the European system - shrewd in attempting to achieve what he wanted to - successfully reincorporated Germany into the diplomatic system as Versailles kept Germany out of the new system - saddle Germany with reparations, things that made Germany the ferriferous state of Europe - Stresemann acknowledged that Germany would act as another responsible state and an agreement was made between Germany and the nations of Britain, France, Belgium, Italy, Germany [great powers of the days]
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