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HISB31H3 (96)

Lecture 4

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Neville Panthaki

JAN 14 • Along the coast in Africa, there were small groups of territories held by English and French • 1815, end of Napoleonic war • The holdings of the Dutch and the French were reorganized • The British got land from the Dutch • The Boers tried to flee British administration by setting up two small colonies in the North • This resulted to duel administration • The british launched a series of war called Boer War (1899-1902) • Eventually, the British won French Colonies • The French administered colonies in a very direct way • Algeria (1830-1869) • Tunisia (1881) • Morocco (1912) • Morocco Crisis occurred when the French expanded their empire in the North • French colonies were nearer to Europe • They considered Algeria as a state of France. It was administered as part of France • This is why there was a great influx in French colonies • In the west part of Africe, Senegal, Guinea, Ivory Coast and Damoney were also incorporated in 1904 as a single unit and administered as French West Africa (conglomeration for a plantation type of economy…cash crops) • The French got cash crops from these areas and began infrastructure • These areas were administered differently from other areas because the French thought it would be more useful to use all their resources to the first three areas • French Equatorial Africa, 1910, (Congo Basin) to get natural resources History of West Indies: • Labour from Africa were exported to West Indies • The British Navy stopped competition by blowing foreign ships and by protecting the naval fleet • Pre 1492: • The name of the region, Caribbean, came from the name of tribes • There were about 6 million native population (divided by 3) • They were decimated due to genocide (de-population), disease, slavery and racial mix (euro with native pop and black slave pop with native) • 1492- Hispaniola (Haiti and Dominican Republic) Base: • This was a prosperous time for Spanish and Portuguse • Mexico (Aztecs): by cortes • Perll (Incas): by Pizarro • English and French vs. Spanish and Portugese: • The English had taken Barbados (1625), Jamaica (1655) and Trinidad (1802) and the French had Haiti (1697) • There was competition between these countries through their anti slavery policies • Emancipation: • 1804, in Haiti, there was a slave rebellion against the French (around the time of French revolution) • This sparked riots • British abolished the slave trade (1807) • By doing this, they were able to represent themselves as a progressive country and they eliminated competition • The british re
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