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Lecture

Lecture 5

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Department
History
Course
HISB31H3
Professor
Neville Panthaki
Semester
Winter

Description
JAN 19 • American Civil War (1861-65): • It resulted in ¼ death • Industrial revolution led to economic expansion, leading to need for labour and resulting in westward expansion and slavery • 1776 to 1861 • 4 million pop to 31 million • 13 states to 33 states • Slavery: • In NA, slavery began in 1619 • By 1776, 1/6 of Americans were slaves • The civil war was fought for the economic context of what slavery represented • The northern states controlled the movement of labour (controlled and distributed to the south) • 1808, slavery was abolished in north but it wasn’t affected because they were quite industrialized • Although they controlled the trade, they controlled it in terms of profit • Slaves were used in the south • In Virgina, tobacco • South Carolina, cotton and rice • Sugar was all throughout the south • Cotton (cotton gin 1790’s) • 1861, supply of 90% of European cotton came from 50% of US exports • When it was abolished, the south lagged behind • The import of slavery was banned, but they were still used • Mid 1860’s, lots of slaves fled to the north • Fugitives that fled would be given back to the south (first compromise between north and south) • 95% of blacks in the south represented 1/3 of southern population • 5% blacks in the north was only 1% of total population • The north could afford to be without slaves but the south couldn’t • Abolition had many definitions depending on who you asked • To some it meant immediate, others thought it was a gradual process, some thought it was freedom with property (propertied) or freedom without property, segregation (blacks lived separately from whites) and voting • How is slavery related to the civil war? • This had to do with state rights vs. federal rights • Expansion was to escape government authority • As population increases in the west, government follows • The fed government said that when it caught up with the settlers, they said that they had to follow their rules (no slavery) • As the economy grew, slave labour grew too, simultaneously • What are the consequences of abolition? • The north won the war (emancipation 1865) • The civil war was about individual state authority and federal authority BLACK LEADERS and MOVEMENTS: Booker T Washington (1856-1915)- black from southern states • His political activism was to seek accommodation of black in the south with a black government W.E.B DuBois (1868-1963)- black from the north (Massachusetts) • He realized that the context of the emancipation was not just an American issue, but a black
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