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HISB31H3 (96)
Lecture 16

Lecture 16

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Neville Panthaki

FEB 25 • Marxism: • class conflict between haves and have-nots, between bourgeois and proliterian (working class) • leads to communism • end exploitation of one class over another • capitalism has to happen to gain wealth • revolution has to happen (change by force) • industrialization has to occur RSDLP: • Russian Social Democratic Labour Party  Marxists party • Believed in Marx’s policies • Leader, Plekhanov (1880-1890) formulated the platform of the Russian Marxists based on the economic history laid by Marx • He guided the party on a “let’s wait and see” strategy • He wanted to gain wealth and aggravate mass porverty • 1903, the Social Democrats split (met for the second time in Brussels) • They discussed whether Marxism should be used • They split in Bolshevik (majority) and Menshevik (minority) • Bolsheviks decided that they would change the course of Marxism in Russia • Mensheviks were more conservative, Christianity who wanted to wait for capitalism whereas Bolsheviks wanted a revolution • Leader of Bolsheviks was Lenin (Leninism) • Leninism was an adaptation of Marxism • He said that Marx and Engels were looking at British society, an industrial economy, and they didn’t talk about Russia • So it would be ok to reinterpret the theory for Russia • Leninism: o Russia is ripe for revolution because of the condition in the country such as poverty, corruption etc (Mensheviks wanted to wait for capitalism) o Even though Russia was the weakest link because it was the least industrialized o Once power is taken by a conspiracy, it will be protected until there was a democratization of the revolution. He called it the Vangard of elite. He said that it would not be a mass revolution, but a coup. o Dictatorship until Europe has their own revolution. Marx predicted that revolution would happen in Britain and Germany (the most revolutionized). When they establish their own government, Britain, Germany and Russia will help each other. o Lenin’s plan was that he would take power of Russia, and hold it until the revolution in UK and Germany o He notices that tension between UK and Germany is growing, benefitting Russia because competition will lead to war o It was not predicted that government would be overthrown by the people o Do not support war effort o Do not collaborate (all independently) because the more problem there are, the more Lenin benefits because all of this predicts that people will get worse and worse and revolution will occur
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