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Lecture notes week 12

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Neville Panthaki

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Phases and Theatres of Conflict (WWII) N Poland (Sept. Oct. 1939) N Denmark and Norway (Jan. June 1940) N Belgium, Holland, and France (May June 1940) N Battle of Britain (May Sept. 1940) o was a stalemate between the German air forces and the British air forces o the Germans started focusing on bombing cities instead, such as London N North Africa (June 1940 Jan. 1943) o after the battle of North Africa is won, the Allies moved up into the boot of Italy N Battle of the Atlantic (Sept. 1939 May 1943) o the Battle of the Atlantic campaign was mainly a logistical fight o it was needed to secure the waterways by the Allies so that they could transport materials and soldiers N Soviet Union (June 1941 May 1945) N Pacific (Dec. 1941 Aug. 1945) o the main campaign was always in the east o this was fought mainly in the Soviet Union and the Pacific area o the Americans entered in the Pacific war with the Pearl Harbour bombing by the Japanese N Italy (July 1943 June 1944) N D Day (June 1944 May 1945) o there was a halt in the Italian campaign to re-enter the European main continent Pacific Theatre: Japan N Background o Meiji Restoration (1868) it was important because Japan becomes industrialized, Japan becomes a suedo- monarchy it is a modernisation that goes through Industrial Revolution o after the Meiji Restoration, Japan is pursuing an imperialist aim o Japanese-Russo War (1905) the Japanese won, which surprised the Europeans a lot, made Japan emerge as an Asian imperial power much to the resentment of the European imperial powers o influence Manchuria (1910) the weakness of China due to lingering feudalism, the collapse of the Ching dynasty, the encroachment of Japanese in Manchuria , the return to areas of China being governed by warlords o 21 Demands on China (1915) Japanese won in WWI on the peace table and also in the 21 Demands on China o German colonies in China (1919) as of the treaty, the Japanese gained the German colonies in China o Southern Manchuria (1931) nothing was done by the League and Japan left it o Anti-Comintern Pact (1936) right after the reoccupation of the Rhineland by Hitler; also known as the Anti Communist International Pact; basically the signing countries were opposed to communism and its ideologies o 15 Division (Shanghai Nanking) (1937) certain historians say that WWII started in 1937 with the Declared Undeclared War in Shanghai, with a march to Nanking campaign was to pacify the Chinese N Problem? o lack raw materials the area of China that is occupied is rich, but not pacified o China became increasingly a problem, not a benefit for Japan o because of this low industrial production for war remained o the Japanese did not want to expand just because of expansion they needed resources to run the empire o holding all land and holding territory is not the same as acquiring wealth o occupation and empire requires exertion o the third thing was that the Japanese lacked a merchant marine a naval ship o the Japanese did not have any way of really transporting the materials they gained back to them o must prioritize navy to hold territory and increase their empire o this is the same logistical problem that the Germans had N Miyazaki Plan 1937: The Gamble o this is an economic plan not a military plan o the Japanese came up with this, which is similar to the Germans Blitzkrieg o naval qualitative superiority this plan rested on the assumption that the Japanese navy was qualitative superior to the British navy and American navy, which it was until 1939 to 1940 there were interwar diplomatic conferences Washington in 1922 and London in 1930 there was a ratio at this time, where the American and British could have 5 ships each for every 3 Japanese ships the Japanese decided to build bigger ships
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