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Lecture 7

LECTURE 7 - OCTOBER 30, 2012.doc

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Department
History
Course
HISB40H3
Professor
C Cole
Semester
Fall

Description
LECTURE 7 - OCT 30/12 THE CONFEDERATION ERA - Part One Context of Confederation - What does it matter today? The impact of ie. structural decisions during the Confederation Era. Slide - The Father’s of Confederation Initial Meeting - originally a meeting between the Atlantic Premier’s(including New Found- land) - to talk about a federation of their own (between the Atlantic provinces) - when the Upper Canadian’s found out, they crashed the meeting and ended up turning it into a sales pitch towards the Atlantic provinces to establish a new kind of super colony - was not “Independence Day” (unlike the USA where they declared indepen- dence against Britain on July 4th, 1776) - July 1, 1867 - designation of differentiating status within the British Empire by the empire itself. What was created was still a colony with its head of state remaining the British State - prior to 1931, Canada was still part of the British Empire - The BNA maintained the power of dissallowance by the British par- liament. - It always applied in the British colonies. This gave the British colo- nial office the ability to dissallow any law passed by any of its colonies. - Later we will see the different levels of imperialism. - ie. the power of dissallowance was not only assumed by the British parliament but it was also assumes by the federal gov- ernment in Ottawa towards the provinces - So in a sense the provinces had a type of colonial status - the idea of a unitary state in disguise with the central govern- ment holding all the power specifically holding the power of dissallowance Why would J.A Macdonald want a unitary state instead of a Confed- eration? - looking towards the nature of the USA and their internal civil war P.B. Waite, The Life and Times of Confederation wrote - Confederation was a really good example that Newton’s law of inertia applies to history - where things only change if we make them change Confederation’s Major Causal Factors: • Fear of U.S. LECTURE 7 - OCT 30/12 • American Revolution • War of 1812 Border disputes(1830s) • • Civil War (1861-1865) • The Alabama Affair (privateer cruiser - pirate) - finding American merchant ships and burning them - The Trent affair, 1861 - The St. Alban’s Raid, 1864 (crime committed in the USA and fled back to Canada. Canadian magistrate did not prosecute the soldier’s as they had claimed not to have committed crime on British American soil) • Internal problems • Political deadlock in Canada (attempt of dual governments/represen- tation as a way to have compromised support from anglophones and francophones or Upper & Lower Canadians) • Four Parties(more like factions): Province of Canada • Upper Canada; Tories(John A. MacDonald), Reformers(George Brown) • Lower Canada; Bleus(George Etienne Cartier), Rouges(Dorion broth- ers) • Coalition between Tories and Bleus(MacDonald/Cartier) pre-Confeder- ation • The reformers were angry at the fact that the Union act saw that each party had equal number of seats. • George Brown was advocating “Rep. by Pop.” where fixed seats are based on population • Scott Act, 1863 - sponsored by Richard Scott(Mayor of By Town) in Canadian legislature for provincial government fund- ing for separate school funding • Canadian legislature passed for provincial government funding for Catholic schools in Upper Canada • value of education • Religion produced violent conflict btw
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