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HISB40H3 (73)
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Lecture Notes October 17.docx

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John Graves Simcoe Queenston Heights Family Compact ToryismTories John Strachan Clergy reserves Robert Gourlay Issac Broack Egalitarian Autocratic modie roughing it in the bush trail the backwoods of Canada executive council legislative justices of the peace JPsUpper Canada Politics and Society 179118301Introduction the myths of historical Upper CanadaEarly 1800s important period because the foundations of modern Ontario was put in place Basic political institutions ethnic established General argument traditional interpretation of this period is not entirely accurate Traditional view is that Upper Canada was an orderly stable economy with little in the way of political conflict or social disorder Very little disharmony Very peaceful law abiding society This stability had a lot to do with the fact that people lived here generally happy Easy to achieve upward mobility Upper Canada very stable and prosperous and very patriotic Those who were unhappy with British were an exception a distinct minority lead by lunatics with no popular base of support Standard interpretation of this period Gentile utopian picture However this picture has been overstatedUpper Canada was established as a separate colony in1771 Loyalists were first settlers of Upper Canada and 7000 by 1791 by the time Ontario was created Concentrated in Bay of Quite and Niagara region Included Iroquois as well who fought for the British during the war Some German loyalists in Kitchener and Waterloo areas These were people who loved British rule British government wanted these people because they would serve as a royal buffer against AmericansJohn Grave Simcoe first governor did his best to create a colony that would attract people from the USA To do this to make upper Canada a place for proBritish he tried to make Upper Canada a replica of Britain Scarborough Humber River English place names Give Anglican church certain privileges like the exclusive right to perform marriage ceremonies A land of aristocracy by granting a large tract of land to small number of people During his time a lot of immigrants came from US and brought land and other times given to them free by government and as a result population grew 1812 70000 people 10 times more than when loyalists came It wasnt the Brutishness of Upper Canada and their love of Britain fact is most people came for the cheap land and low taxes or to avoid religious persecution in US These people werent true loyalists even though they were dubbed late loyalists Different from earlier loyalists because motives were different Also differed in their ethnicity Late loyalists were Methodists and early were Anglican 1812 Late settlers outnumbered original loyalists 4 to 1 Late loyalists were not as loyal as British government thought
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