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HISB41H3 (45)

The Borden Era and the First World War

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University of Toronto Scarborough
C Pennington

The Borden Era and the First World War, 1911-1920 January-24-11 12:17 PM -WWI fought between empires battling for territory -60 000 Canadians died in the war Sir Robert Borden -Conservative party leader, 1901-1920 -intelligent, successful, lawyer from Nova Scotia -successful, prosperous citizen; felt it was his duty to become involved in politics; did not enjoy politics -prime minister from 1911-1920 -didnt govern by consensus; often threatened to resign at Congressional meetings -Borden looks like an Egyptian God [regarded as his greatest strength: his good looks] -Borden was unprepared for the outbreak of war in the summer of 1914 Outbreak of the First World War, July 1914 -triple alliance: Germany, AustriaHungary, Italy [replaced by another empire] -triple entente: friendly association comprised of Britain, France, and Russia [governed by Tsar] -assassination of Franz Ferdinand triggered WWI; killed by Serbian nationalist while touring Serbia; Serbia had uneasy relationship with AustriaHungary -Serbia had a big brother [Russia]; willing to go to war to fight on behalf of the nation; Russia and France had an alliance-->France would be automatically involved in war; France had agreement with Britain -all powers were aware of impending war; Germany looked forward to the war -Germanys Schlieffen Plan: prepared for Germany for war against France in the west and Russia in the east; use all forces to crush through France [using vast number of armed forces] and then meet the Russians [slow in organizing forces] -if Germany was to be involved in war against Russia, they were first to attack France -war broke out at end of July 1914 Canada at the start of the war -Canada was not affected by the assassination of Ferdinand -because Britain went to war, Canada went to war [committed to fight along with the rest of the British empire] -little opposition to war in Canada; exception was Quebec who were opposed to the war -over by Christmas: most Canadians thought the war would be short and quick [majority of wars were before] -voluntary enlistment: British asked for 25,000 Canadian soldiers; 30 000 signed up -Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) -Gandhi also supported war [thought Indians would sign up to fight in the war]
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