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Lecture 03 - HISB41

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University of Toronto Scarborough
C Pennington

The Borden Era and the First World War, 1911-1920 Pre-lecture Chat -Weds is the film for the analysis assignment, the questions for the assignment will be posted tonight st -The assignment is due in lecture on January the 31 -Jonathan will be the one marking them, and you must indicate to receive extra feedback and remarks -Conscription crisis of 1917, which split the country. This topic is different from other topics covered, lots of trauma and life was never same again after the war. This was a needless war because it was a traditional clash of empires that seek economic gain. We remember this as a fight for Canadian democracy and the birth of its nation, but its more of a sugar coat on something thats really serves no other purpose. Sir Robert Borden (1854-1937)*** -Beats Laurier after 10 years of his rule -Appealing figure as he was a hardworking, intelligent and successful who grew up on a farm -Was a teacher and then trained in law and was then prosperous and felt that it was a duty to give back and join politics, but he never loved politics Intelligent, successful, hardworking Nova Scotian Laywer -Not a good speaker, no good personal relations with colleages, but best man by sonservative party in 1901 Conservative Party leader, 1901-20 -No saavy way of running leader, was very straight forward -If they did it another way, then he would resign. People never replaced him because they though highly of him -People thought he was really good looking, he looks like an Egyptian god. Was his greatest strength PM of Canada, 1911-20 -Summer 1914, he was not ready for the war was at moscoca on vacation Outbreak of the First World War, July 1914 Triple Aliiance -Germany, Italy (chose to be against this war when it started), Empire of AH, and Ottoman empire replaced Italy www.notesolution.comTriple Entente -Britiain, France, Russia -Governed by Tazr (Russia, authoritarian), most strict and governed in the world -Thus Russia is not really like a fight for freedom Assasination of Franz Ferdinand (of France?) ***Austrian Archduke Franz Franz*** -killed by Serbian nationalist -He was bombed on the car, but it was missed but he went on anyways -Heir of AH empire -AH made a ultimatum for Serbia in retaliation -AH knew that they had support for Germany -France supported Russia and France was contracted with Britain Germanys Schlieffen Plan -They had a battle plan that made war inevitable -Named after german chief -Made plan against France in the west and Russia in the east -Made to crush France in a couple of weeks, and after they were conquered they would turn around and crush Russians because they were slow at gathering their forces -Did not want to get involved on 2 fronts, so they decided to do this one at a time -If Germany would be war with Russia, they would attack France first -War broek out in July 1914 Canada at the start of the war ***Sir Sam Hughes, Minister of the Canadian Militia*** Autocratic Entry in the war -Did not know aobut assassination and did not affect them -Because Britain went to war, Canada went to the war because they were a British colony -Most of Canada would probably have agreed to go to war because it did not happen for a long time (people thought it was necessary now and then) and because most of Canada was English, but there were grumbles in Quebec -Borden noted in his diary in Ottawa, it was always matter of fact (today was hot) -Even Ghandi supported the war (was an indian lawyer at the time) and thought Indians should join -Borden was English-canadian Ready, Aye, Ready -When the call comes.ready, aye, ready
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