Resistance of Rebellion in South Africa- Thursday March 7, 2013
Resitance before 1948
The Block Elite and African nationalism
Chiefdons ethnicity and rural protest
The Bambatha Rebellion
Popular Struggles in the 1920’s
The 1950’s The Defiance Campaign and the Freedom Charter
Block Consciousness and the Soweto Uprising
Resistance in many parts of Africa was 10, 20, 30 years. In South Africa it was
much more longer because they had a lot to deal with.
African Resistance was continuous. Took many forms. Problem for Black
people in South Africa was that for a long time, the various types of
resistance were localized.
Relatively easy to defeat because they were localized and not unified
In the 19 century, there was no overarching African identity. People were
identified by their locality, chiefs.
In the first half of the 20 century, before African nationalist party
introduced apartheid and cam into power.
Three kinds of resistance before 1948:
First, response of Black Elite educated and westernized black Elite.
Secondly, emergence of heightened ethnic identity around chiefs in rural
areas. Then, most Africans lived in rural areas.
Thirdly, beginnings of mass popular movements. Particularly 1930s, involved
migrant workers and peasants. South African economies rested on much
mining and agriculture. The major form was the mine. Diamond mines and
old mines. In mining and agriculture, workers were migrant workers.
The 1920s however there were mass protests by migrant and peasant
Most important manifestation resistance was the industrial commercialized
union. Was a political movement.
Origins of African Nationalism
Solomon Plaatje: African Elite