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HISB93H3 Professor Dowler Fall 2009 Lecture Note

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Wayne Dowler

NOV 10 N Baba Yaga N Rusalka N Olga N Russkaia Pravda N Marfa Boretskaia N Terem N Votchina N Pomestie N As in the West, women lived in the framework of patriarchy (primacy of men over women was assumed and this assumption was shared by both sexes) N This patriarchal approach existed before Christianity, but it was reinforced by Orthodoxy N %K0K:7.K,997L-:909K01,OO412,31742*48J7,.094;08L84-0940,99K017:L9 N So the Church felt that women needed to be watched and guided by men N It contained male fears over w4203854Z074;07203 80[:,O,370574:.9L43 N Folklore is full of stories of women who are good and evil N The most famous figure was Baba yaga, a witch who plays tricks on people to humiliate 9K02 .KLO70388947L08 N There were rusalka (a maiden who has drowned because of a tragic love affair). She lurked in ponds and streams and when men came along, they would reach out and drown the men N In real life, there were female folk healers (condemned by the Church) and was sought out for their abilities to heal with potions and herbs N ,32:.K41$O,;L.29K4O4J9K080ZL9.K08,70J44 57,.9L.L3JZKL902,JL. ,989K02,O0 sorcerers that are seen to use magic for evil N Image of women is ambivalent N The condition and treatment of women was not the same in all times and places. There were differences from place to place Women in Kievan Rus: N Princess Olga, she avenged the killing of her husband N She ruled for 20 years as regent to her son N 8K01L[09K0574-O029K,9K,.,:80K07K:8-,383:2-07 $K0809,1L[09,[ she regularized the tribute. Once it was collected, population was left alone N she was the first person in Kievan Rus to see the value of Christianity to unify the population N she traveled to Constantnople to meet Byzantine Emperor where she became Christian N her acts as a secular leader and founder of Christianity, she is now a Saint N The dynasty was connected to other dynasties in Europe. Several Kievan princesses married western dynasties and played significant roles in their lives N The establishment of Christianity in the elites created opportunities for learning for elite women N Covent schools were established and the abbesses who ran these convents were well educated and those who graduated were highly literate for their times
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