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HISB93H3 Professor Dowler Fall 2009 Lecture Note

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Wayne Dowler

NOV 12 N Tula N LO,709 th N During the 17 century, the Muscovite state in order to defend itself to defend itself had to use western techniques N Traditional muscovite culture started to clash with western cultures N It leads to a major crisis in the Muscovite conciousness N Traditional muscovite culture derived from Byzantine N %K0.:O9:7041],39L:2Z,8;077L.K ,98.K:7.KK,74498L390,.KL3J8419K0L-O0 N When Byzantine culture was transferred to Russia, the Russians did not completely absorb it because it moved rapidly from paganism into Christianity N They adopted Byzantine culture selected as they were not prepared intellectually and spiritually to learn about the culture N It was an esthetical adoption rather than its philosophy and theology N The Byzantine Church permitted Slavic members to speak in Slavonic N Since Russians did not have to learn Greek, they were cut off from Greek philosophy N Russian church hierarchs thought it was undesirable to translate so they tended to be cut off from civilization N The result of the separation from classical literature led to a narrow tradition: authority of the text, stressed obedience and ignored the humanistic and rationalistic sides of theology N It was a highly visual culture such as icons and church decorations (paintings that told stories). Not a culture that relies on text N #:88L,8J04J7,5KL.,OL84O,9L43,3L98K,970,J,L389,9K4OL.L8203,-O09K0K:7.K94 minimize outside opinions N The Renaissance and Refermation did not affect Russia (big events) N Alchamy and astrology (very big in the Renaissance) made a small appearance in Russia N Moreover, Renaissance interest in mathematics became very powerful in Russia N Renaissance has minimal affect on Russia N Church opposed to pre-science (astrology) and mathematics N The approach of the Church to learning was hostile and that opinion (anything outside of the authority of the text) was a second fall N The ideas of the Renaissance made very little progress in Russia N The ideal of Muscovite religion was the image of vineyard planted for god. Russia is a place where souls are planted. The harvest is taking up the souls after life into another world N Life on earth was a preparation for life after death N Happiness of earth is not the human destiny. It is a reward after death for obedience N So it is a very narrow religion and culture N All other aspects of the culture were organized around the vineyard N Literature was religious N The Chronicles were written as religious epics that told tales about ordinary men and kings were punished or rewarded according to their obedience
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