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HISB93H3 Professor Dowler Fall 2009 Lecture Note

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Wayne Dowler

NOV 17 Raskol (Schism) Zealots of Piety Solovetskii Razin Eschatological Apocalyptic Avakum Russian tradition Fundamentalism Nikon Greek tradition Theocracy The State Greek tradition Secularism (Church subordinate to state) N Second half of 17 century, the Great Schism and conflict between church and the state N There was a tension between Russian state and their need to modernize and the urge to preserve the old traditions N This tension lay at the root of the church schism (raskol) N Some believe that this was due to religious reasons N Federick Ingles said that the church schism was a class struggle between elites and the poor (the Old believers) N L9Z,83970,OO\0L9K0770,8438 N the schism was a violent rejection of social and cultural modernization and secularization N there were very strong anti foreign elements in the schism N the people who inspired reform tended to be outsiders (foreigners) N many reformers in the church were Ukrainian monks N 9K070Z0707L498L39K0 89K,9Z070/L70.90/94Z,7/814reign merchants and artisans N the schism was strongest where the time of troubles had the least affect because in those areas, the people still enjoyed unbroken traditions (where they were not exposed to foreigners) N in the areas where time of troubles was strong, the people had become accustomed to change N the schism was strongest in the north and the urals and beyond that in Siberia N the church had gone through a spiritual and moral decline during the time of troubles N 9KL8.7L8L8K,/-003J4L3J438L3.0 s N understanding that the Slavonic books were badly translated, priests were drunk and other problems N as a result, by the end of the time of troubles, little progress was made N 9K0\8094:994.4770.99K0802L897,38O,9L438,O9K4:JKL9Z,839/430Z0OO,89Ke monks who were supposed to correct it studied old Slavonic texts that had lots of mistakes as well N there was problems with church services. Services had become extremely long and complex. There were rituals that was supposed to said all together (polyphonic) N most priests had learned the services through memorization, incapable of explaining what they meant. N This set off a strong purification movement in the church years before the schism occurred
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