Before hipp: cause of disease supernatural; divine punishment for displeasing god/s; evil. Humorism: disease caused by imbalance of humours. 4 humours: blood, phlegm, black bile, yellow bile corresponded by 4 seasons, 4 temperaments(sanguine, choleric, phlegmatic, melancholic) and 4 elements (air, water, earth, Humours always in ux, balance is key * Individualized: diagnosis, treatemnt, and persception, but treatment was most accessible to wealthy and elite. Relationship btw macroscm (universe) and microcosm (body) Disorder in one, causes disease in other. 4 elements - embody diff. qualiiteis and relate to diff humoirs, seasons and temperaments. 4 key organs - splee, brain, liver and heart. 2: non-naturals mostly external to body but within man"s control to some degree (ex. sleeping) things natural - physicology, elements things against nature - pathology, sickness, causes of sickness, accidents. Disease epidemics causes by miasma (bad/foul air) Source of mias. = spontaneous generation of tiny decomposing particles; pollution from rotting organic matter. Germ theory replaced mias. in mid 1800s.