HLTA02H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Universal Health Care, Immunology, Pediatrics
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HLTA02: lecture 1: What is Criticality?
Has many meanings:
• Oxford English Dictionary: “expressing or involving criticism”
• A reference to higher-order cognitive skills used to critically appraise
arguments and evidence – analytical
• A particular orientation or approach to knowledge-action: example a “critical
social science perspective” – rooted in social theory
▪ Why society is the way it is (political, economic…)
• We need to question not the “what” but the “why” or “how”
• In order to understand a problem, we need to understand multiple
Attributes of Critical Thinkers (assignments)
• Interest in context, power, social relations and fairness even when these
ideas and dialogues are challenging or uncomfortable.
• Problematize: ideas, evidence, conclusions, perspective, origins. Need
information to make a decision.
• Committed to humility, fairness, collaboration, reflexivity.
• Reflective: thinking about a concept.
• Reflectiveness: putting yourself in the problem and the impact you will have
• Creative: open to thinking outside the box. You cannot treat an affluenza
outbreak the same as an obesity outbreak.
• Knowledge-power nexus and epistemic communities: committed to rigorous
application of theory to practice
• Value and purpose: social justice, solidarity, social transformation.
• “a network of people with recognized expertise who possess a shared set of…
principled beliefs, common practices, and a conviction that human welfare
will be enhanced as a consequence.”
• 3 types of beliefs
What is critical Health studies?
• A collection of disciplines that support and constitute medicine:
▪ Disciplines based around medical categories and “basic sciences” such
as nursing, occupational therapy, pharmacy.
▪ Disciplines based around medical categories and ‘basic sciences’ such
as anesthesiology, micro-biology, toxicology, genetics, and
▪ Disciplines based around clinical specialties such as geriatrics,
pediatrics, family practice, critical care, and mental health care.
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