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Lecture 1

HLTA02H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Universal Health Care, Immunology, Pediatrics

Health Studies
Course Code
Anna Walsh

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HLTA02: lecture 1: What is Criticality?
Has many meanings:
Oxford English Dictionary: “expressing or involving criticism”
A reference to higher-order cognitive skills used to critically appraise
arguments and evidence analytical
A particular orientation or approach to knowledge-action: example a “critical
social science perspective” rooted in social theory
Why society is the way it is (political, economic…)
We need to question not the “what” but the “why” or “how”
In order to understand a problem, we need to understand multiple
Attributes of Critical Thinkers (assignments)
Interest in context, power, social relations and fairness even when these
ideas and dialogues are challenging or uncomfortable.
Problematize: ideas, evidence, conclusions, perspective, origins. Need
information to make a decision.
Committed to humility, fairness, collaboration, reflexivity.
Reflective: thinking about a concept.
Reflectiveness: putting yourself in the problem and the impact you will have
on others.
Creative: open to thinking outside the box. You cannot treat an affluenza
outbreak the same as an obesity outbreak.
Knowledge-power nexus and epistemic communities: committed to rigorous
application of theory to practice
Value and purpose: social justice, solidarity, social transformation.
Epistemic Communities:
“a network of people with recognized expertise who possess a shared set of…
principled beliefs, common practices, and a conviction that human welfare
will be enhanced as a consequence.”
3 types of beliefs
What is critical Health studies?
Health sciences:
A collection of disciplines that support and constitute medicine:
Disciplines based around medical categories and “basic sciences” such
as nursing, occupational therapy, pharmacy.
Disciplines based around medical categories and ‘basic sciences’ such
as anesthesiology, micro-biology, toxicology, genetics, and
Disciplines based around clinical specialties such as geriatrics,
pediatrics, family practice, critical care, and mental health care.
Health “studies”:
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