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HLTA02H3 Lecture Notes - Optic Neuritis, Substantia Nigra, Mandatory Retirement

Health Studies
Course Code
Michelle Silver

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HLTB03H3: Foundations in Health
Department of Health Studies
University of Toronto at Scarborough
Winter 2011
Instructor: Anna Walsh.
Term: Winter 2011 Wednesdays 9 a.m.-11 a.m.
Lecture Room: Room HW216
Phone: 416-287- 5642
Office: BV 506
Office Hours: Mondays: 2 p.m- 3 p.m.
Aging and Health
March 9/2011 Midlife and Aging: Health and Health Care: Ch. 17 and 18.
From Hospital and Residential Care
Current Events:
Misconceptions associated with age and discrimination of the elderly
Term coined by Robert Butler =ageism in 1969
Discrimination after the age of 65
Ppl in society will assume there is cognitive impairment associated with aging
Mandatory retirement @ 65 has been abolished in Canada
Botox injections and the quest for youth; injecting toxins in the body to achieve
youth; occurs after the age of 20 to achieve youth
Environment that is physically difficult to handle
Environment needed that is accessible to ppl of all ages
The need for geriatricians
Baby boomers retire this year and need resources to help the aging population in
Perks of being over the age of 55: no kidnapping, ppl call @ 9pm and wake you, no
longer viewed as a hypochondriac
North Americans are not getting enough sleep they need; use of electronics in the
hour before bedtime is aggravating this matter
US sleep foundation conducted this study; pattern of usage of technology---
artificial light exposure between dusk and bedtime, suppresses the release of
melatonin which is important for sleep causing the person to stay alert
Light being emitted from electronics and used an hour before sleep suppresses
melatonin in order to sleep
Young ppl from the ages of 13-18 were the most tired
33% ppl of this survey were awakened at night by emails and text messages
Ppl claimed who were tired all the time caused problems for them: affecting mood,
family life, social life, and work
Older adults= affect mood, work, and social life
Many ppl will sleep with their cell phones on their bedside table
Age usually a marker for underlying conditions
Ppl suffering from hypothyroidism can also cause lack of sleep
One of the symptoms of MS is fatigue
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Sleep behaviour should be noted and key to aging
Avoid exposure to bright lights after sunset
Relax before going to sleep without any distractions
Look at ways to address this problem
Study between the link between IBU-profin (motrin, advil, and Tylenol) 38% less
likely to develop Parkinson’s Disease
Approximately 1 million ppl of Parkinson’s in the US affects ppl age 50 and over;
chronic condition
Lack of neurotransmitter of dopamine located in the substantia nigra
Linked to some sort of inflammatory disease
Patients who are taking IBU-profin for comorbid diseases that may lower the risk
for Parkinson’s
Treatment for MS was the use of immunosuppressant’s because the immune system
would basically attack itself
Pilot study of liberation procedure in Hamilton; need for reliable research
Fatigue and numbness of
Presence of optic neuritis and problems with their vision
Lack of balance
Intolerance of heat
Use of MRI to diagnosis MS but is not conclusive
Going to the washroom frequently
Issues with mobility
New immigrants would have to wait 3 months before getting OHIP funding for
Toronto’s board of health wants to provide health coverage to immigrants as soon
as they land
Presence of TB in immigrants
David McKeown
Early diagnosis of TB and treatment is crucial
BC asks immigrants to wait 3 months
Coverage for newcomers in Quebec depends on factors (severity and treatment
options available)
Section 32: Obligation to an Adult Child (check March 7th HLTB01 notes)
Mid-life is often seen as a time of transition, opportunity and challenge. For some, it is also
a time of "heightened re-evaluation and reorientation".
Mid-life- defined as between 40 and 65 years of age. Literature on health and mid-life is
generally focused on the beginning of bodily "decline," when hormone levels drop,
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