Chpts 15 - 18 lecture

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Published on 17 Apr 2011
School
UTSC
Department
Health Studies
Course
HLTA02H3
Professor
HLTB03H3Y: Foundations in Health
Department of Health Studies
University of Toronto at Scarborough
Winter 2011
Instructor: Anna Walsh.
Term: Winter 2011: Wednesdays 9 a.m.-11 a.m.
Lecture Room: Room HW 216
E-mail: hedy.walsh@utoronto.ca
Office: BV506.
Office Hours: Mondays: 2 p.m.-3 p.m.
March 16 The Health of Children & Youth. Ch. 15 and 16.
Family Law Act
31.(1) Every parent has an obligation to provide support for his or her unmarried
child who is a minor or is enrolled in a full time program of education, to the
extent that the parent is capable of doing so.
(2) The obligation under subsection (1) does not extend to a child who is sixteen
years of age or older and has withdrawn from parental control. R.S.O. 1990,
c. F.3, s. 31 (2).
Obligation of child to support parent
32. Every child who is not a minor has an obligation to provide support, in
accordance with need, for his or her parent who has cared for or provided support
for the child, to the extent that the child is capable of doing so. R.S.O. 1990,
c. F.3, s. 32.
Income and Poverty
Inequalities of wealth and income produce unequal life chances. Poverty
translates into homelessness, ill health, short life expectancy, malnutrition, amid
hunger.
A significant number of Canadians live in poverty. The number of poor people
was nearly 5 million in 2003 and the poverty rate was nearly 16 percent.
These income disparities produce an inequality of opportunities and life chances
and create negative outcomes for individuals in low-income and poor families.
Income and Health
Those with high incomes, for instance, live longer, healthier and more disability
-free lives on average than those who are poor. Similar patterns of disease, illness,
and mortality prevail for children.
Life Expectancy
Number of years a person would be expected to live based on mortality statistics
for a given observation period. Life expectancy is a measure of longevity and not
quality of life. It is a widely used indicator of the health status of the population.
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Life expectancy is related to access to health care, lifestyles, genetics, nutrition,
and the benefits of a healthy environment. According to international studies, life
expectancy is also related to national wealth, the quality of the health care system
and individual socio-economic status.
Income
Many Canadians live on incomes that are inadequate for their daily needs.
Statistics Canada’s data for after-tax low income cut offs (LICO), which is the
income level (after tax and income transfers from governments) at which a family
has to use substantially more of its income than the average Canadian family for
food, shelter, and clothing has shown that many Canadians are experiencing
difficulties.
In 2001, a family that had to spend more than 64.0 per cent of after-tax income on
these items was considered to be below the LICO, and thereby living in stressful
conditions.
Education
According to the 2001 Census, 61.0 per cent of all Canadians aged 25 - 34
attained education beyond high school, 28.0 per cent had a University education,
and 21.0 per cent had acquired a college diploma. This reflects an increase over a
decade earlier, when only 49.0 per cent of individuals in that age group had any
education past high school, with 18 per cent having acquired a University
education and 17 per cent having acquired a college diploma.
In 2001, women represented 59.0 per cent of college graduates aged 25 and older
and exactly half of all University graduates. This reflects an increase of 47.0 per
cent in female university graduates from a decade earlier.
Life Expectancy
According to the 2001 Census, 61.0 per cent of all Canadians aged 25 - 34
attained education beyond high school, 28.0 per cent had a University education,
and 21.0 per cent had acquired a college diploma. This reflects an increase over a
decade earlier, when only 49.0 per cent of individuals in that age group had any
education past high school, with 18 per cent having acquired a University
education and 17 per cent having acquired a college diploma.
In 2001, women represented 59.0 per cent of college graduates aged 25
and older and exactly half of all University graduates. This reflects an increase of
47.0 per cent in female university graduates from a decade earlier.
Infant Mortality
Number of deaths of children under one year of age, expressed per 1,000 live
births. The infant mortality rate is one of the most widely used measures of health
in society. It is affected by a number of factors in the population, including
income, maternal education and health services.
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Document Summary

March 16 the health of children & youth. Every parent has an obligation to provide support for his or her unmarried. The obligation under subsection (1) does not extend to a child who is sixteen. Every child who is not a minor has an obligation to provide support, in. 32. accordance with need, for his or her parent who has cared for or provided support for the child, to the extent that the child is capable of doing so. Inequalities of wealth and income produce unequal life chances. Poverty translates into homelessness, ill health, short life expectancy, malnutrition, amid hunger: a significant number of canadians live in poverty. Income and health: those with high incomes, for instance, live longer, healthier and more disability. Free lives on average than those who are poor. Similar patterns of disease, illness, and mortality prevail for children.

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