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Lecture

Chapter 12, 13, 14

3 Pages
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Department
Health Studies
Course Code
HLTA02H3
Professor
Michelle Silver

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Chapter 12 - Women’s Lives, Women’s Health
The present patterns of longer life expectancy for women emerged at the end of
the 19th century and only in developed countries (before 19th century, women
suffered from excess mortality due to harsher lives and factors such as poor
maternal care)
Social and health advantages have no accrued to all women, as women are not a
homogenous group
In 1996 total life expectancy was 78.6 years—81.4 for females and 75.7 for
males, however, the difference between sexes is narrowing
In Canada, northern and isolated communities and those with low incomes have
the lowest life expectancies
Women living in poor, less industrialized countries have lower life expectancies
than men in those countries
The difference in life expectancies between women in rich and poor countries (in
some cases) are 20 years or more
Racial, ethnic, and class differences among women in advanced countries produce
subgroup variations in life expectancy
In 1996 the life expectancy for First Nations was 76.6 - women and 68.9 - men
Women report more illness than men and there is some variation in mortality and
causes of death
The major causes of death for both men and women are cardiovascular diseases
and cancers (CHD to be specific)
Male mortality rates are higher than females in cardiovascular, coronary heart
disease, cancers, respiratory illnesses
Women report a greater number of health problems than men
In 1988-99 women were most likely to be hospitalized in general (mostly for
pregnancy)
In 1988-99 men were more likely to be hospitalized for circulatory and respiratory
diseases, injuries and poisoning
Females marked higher than males in mental disorders (except in schizophrenic
psychoses and alcohol and drug dependency)
Men are more likely to commit suicide, but women are twice as likely as men to
be depresses and their depression lasts longer
Women report more long-term disability and chronic conditions than men
3 ways to account for these differences: artifact, genetic causation and social
causation
oThe differences are sometimes argued asartifact rather than real.
Women’s health status is not any worse than men, women are just more
likely to take notice of their symptoms, are inclined to seek treatment and
are more willing to respond to health surveys
oIt’s argued that females have resistance to certain diseases
oWomen are more likely to be poor, referred to as the feminization of
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Description
Chapter 12 - Womens Lives, Womens Health The present patterns of longer life expectancy for women emerged at the end of th th the 19 century and only in developed countries (before 19 century, women suffered from excess mortality due to harsher lives and factors such as poor maternal care) Social and health advantages have no accrued to all women, as women are not a homogenous group In 1996 total life expectancy was 78.6 years81.4 for females and 75.7 for males, however, the difference between sexes is narrowing In Canada, northern and isolated communities and those with low incomes have the lowest life expectancies Women living in poor, less industrialized countries have lower life expectancies than men in those countries The difference in life expectancies between women in rich and poor countries (in some cases) are 20 years or more Racial, ethnic, and class differences among women in advanced countries produce subgroup variations in life expectancy In 1996 the life expectancy for First Nations was 76.6 - women and 68.9 - men Women report more illness than men and there is some variation in mortality and causes of death The major causes of death for both men and women are cardiovascular diseases and cance
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