What helps in coping? Social, psychological and personality characteristics integrated, not
social support – having someone to offer you comfort in time of needs
Social capital - social support at the community level
Self efficacy- how one feels about potential; about doing something; their self
esteem; internal control; one’s thoughts about competency and success
Labelling sticks to a person and effects how people perceive them- sense of powerlessness
Social Stigma- societal level of labelling- reaction which leads to spoiled identity – ie.
Society has an opinion about a condition, race, religion, etc.
2 Main Theories: Social Interactionism vs Symbolic Interactionism
Social- answer questions related to certain situations dealing with management,
interactions between various social factors; How do people manage factors?
Qualitative methods of research
Symbolic- answer questions how individuals feel to meaning of illness; effect of being
labelled on individuals; What is the meaning of illness to the individual?
Quantitative methods of research
Factors Related to Health Behaviour
*Health Related Behaviour Model
Sick Role Behaviour- getting better in order to achieve role in society- people are sick and
diagnosed but want to get better to fulfill their roles
Illness Behaviour- aimed at seeking treatment, but based on perception not diagnosis and
their reaction to symptoms
Health Behaviour- protecting health, maintain health, prevention of disease
Gender Theory- less males report problems
Cultural Theory- certain cultures report more than others
-there are differences in health promotion and reporting health and vice versa
*Culture of Poverty Explanation
-pooper people develop sense of powerlessness and fatalism therefore passive in life- will
know health is poor and say it and not much being done o fix it
-Gini Coefficient- measure of inequality from 0-1 (0=complete equality, 1= inequality in
Self rated health^