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Lecture Three , Sherman Chapter 3 and 4

Health Studies
Course Code
Caroline Barakat

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HLTA031H3 : Plagues and People
Tuesday, May 17 2011
Lecture TWO
T.A contact information Updated for Q-Z : Sera
8am to 1 pm for tutorial activities : Disease Ecology . One time ONLY
Plagues of Antiquity:
5000 Bc to 500 AD
Characterised by parasits with long lived
transmission stages such as egg to larvae ..
In order for them to be transmitted it had to
be Person to Person contact ; because pop was
The Pharohs Plague
1900 BC
Nile Valley of Egypt : because of agriculture
and irrigation (P 44-53)
Allowed parasites to live there . Still
prevelant in society
Snail fever/blood fluke disease/endemic
Transmission stages : microscopic eggs ,
adult worms live in blood vessels of humans , clog
them and cause harm to humans. (Through the skin)
In terms of exposure , it occurred in Europe
Estimated 200 million people get effected ,
and 1 million deaths (occurs wherever there is
contaminated water)
Plague Of Athens
Refer to p 53-56
Rested heavily on trees in wine
Greek ; they took on shipping and
commercial transactions ; navy and ships.
War 431 BCE and it lasted for 27 years; the
outcome was the plague.
Spurta was stronger on land , and Athenians
stronger on water.
Athenians defeated and they were blamed.
( Pericles died because of the plague)
idea what caused it.
The Roman Fever
Malaria is the cause behind roman fever
They thought that malaria , was because of
bad air
Epidemic of 5-8 years
It reduced life expectancy
The Antonine Plague
Named after Roman Emperor (166 AD)
Thirst , Diarreah ,
First record of small pox (but not sure )
2000 deaths a day from small pox in Rome.
(very contagious )
The Cyprian Plague
Huge impact on human 250 AD
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