Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (630,000)
UTSC (30,000)
HLTB21H3 (200)
Lecture

lecture 2


Department
Health Studies
Course Code
HLTB21H3
Professor
Caroline Barakat

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 2 pages of the document.
- Hunter-gatherer were relatively healthy, highly transmission diseases or did not
require vectors for transmission (sexual, direct contact)
- Agricultural
Æ
epidemics, more common
- Cities, urban life, domestication of animals
Æ
more frequent outbreaks
Diseases of antiquity
(5000 BC - 700 AD) -- black death
- Fossil records, contested by historians
- Propagated from parasites with long period of transmission
- Occurred because of person to person contact + zoonotic
Pharaohs plague
- Ancient Egypt -- 1900 BC
- Agricultural processes along the Nile river - fertile land, inundation/irrigation
became common
Æ
produced good environment for parasites to grow
- Snail fever - blood fluke disease/endemic hematuria/schistosomiasis
- 18th century with Europeans, Outbreak of WW2
400 BC - plague of Athens
- Growing wine, transactions (commercialization) shipping
- Athens & Sparta - war, 27 years
- Outcome of the war
Æ
Athenians blamed losing because infected by plagues
- 430 BC Ethiopia
Æ
Egypt
Æ
ship by Athens
- ¼ of Athenians including leader of Athens - Pericles
- Identity was unknown - what was done to avoid
- No one knows where it came from (still do not)
Roman fever
- established 27 years BC, vast trade network
- A lot of ships, trading
- Malaria
Æ
bad air, breathing bad air from marshes in the summer
- Epidemics occurred every 5 to 8 years
- Smallpox, measles also affected Romans
Antonine plague
- From Mesopotamia (Iraq) by Roman troops 166 AD
- Made its way to Europe
- High fever, inflammation of the mouth and throat, thirst, diarrhea, postules that
appeared after 9 days
- Still dont know identity -- some believe encounter of smallpox
250 AD Cyprian plague
- originated in Ethiopia
Æ
Egypt
Æ
north Africa
- Collapse of the roman empire
Justinian
(8th century)
- from East
Æ
Constantine
- 541 to 800 AD killed approximately 1 million people
- first of bubonic plague
Three main pandemics of the
Bubonic plague
- raged through Europe north Africa middle east
- 14th century - 1346 ended 6/7 years later -
Black Death
(reduced Mediterranean
www.notesolution.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version