HLTB21H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Multiple Drug Resistance, Shigella Dysenteriae, Foodborne Illness

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25 Nov 2013
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Many of the diseases have been around, but haven"t diagnosed them in humans- they"ve existed in animals mostly. Infectious diseases notable for: many new diseases causing mortality being detected, increased incidence and prevalence of previously controlled (re-emergent) infectious diseases, many re-emergent pathogens evolving into drug-resistant strains. The interaction of: socialchange, demographicchange, environmentalchange, microbialadaptation, medicalmalpractice. Cdc: emerging infectious diseases are those infections that appeared recently in a population, or those that already existed but are spreading rapidly, in terms of both incidence and geographical distribution (grisotti and avila-pires 2010) Institute of medicine (iom), 1992: new, re-emerging or drug-resistant infections whose incidence has increased in the last two decades, or whose incidence threatens to increase (cohen 2000) In terms of persistence of infectious disease: we have to attribute hiv/aids as a significance factor -> it affects millions of people -> diminishes immune system.

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