HLTC05H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Universal Health Care, Somatic Cell, Cardiovascular Disease

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3 Dec 2012
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HLTC05 Lecture 10
Children the most vulnerable group
Inequalities reflect structural violence gender, class, racial
Inequalities can either be lessened or intensified for children
Universal health care lessens inequalities
No social services , widespread poverty intensifies
Child poverty is a huge concern globally, concern even in the
wealthiest nations US has 10% more than Canada
Canada group of wealthy people, we aren’t in the top 10
Neonatal deaths account for 40% of deaths globally under
5(2008)
We have all the knowledge to deal with healthy child birth and
neonatal care…they persist because there is poverty that
restricts access to proper health care or creates dangerous
environments
Child poverty is a reflection of mothers who live in poverty
o Single mother households majority of kids go with
mothers, maternal income, poverty levels of women
children reflect this position SES wise
Growth and Development
o Periods of g and d most significant is INFANCY
somatic cell growth, period of brain development (upto
7 years of age)…infants require nutrition and protection
from disease
o Adolescence another imp period when body is going
through puberty signif changes in size reproductive
sys, growth spurt
o Weight/stature/height
o Stature as a measure of growth and dev between
pops we can see differences in that pattern reflection
of relative SES (income, education, poverty levels)
o Late growth spurt effects development not able to
reach average stature
o Dental development growth of teeth/eruption,
nutritional deficiency +disease is visible in teeth for
infants ENAMEL HYPOPLASIA (area of insufficient
enamel because of stress event in childs life)
o Milestones social and emotional dev, lang and comm.,
cognition
o Brain Growth newborn uses almost 90% of energy
for brain growth , by 5 44%
o Strong connection between SES and child cognitive
ability and achievement
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