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Lecture

HLTC05.Nov13.SS.doc

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Department
Health Studies
Course Code
HLTC05H3
Professor
R Song

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2012-11-13
HLTC05H3 F
Lecture 9: Gendered Health Disparity
Chapter 9: Reproduction and Equality
Chapter 12 from the textbook
Lecture:
How gender is an important determinant of health
oSignificant determinant of health because of the social construction and
roles put on the female sex
oProvides an understanding of relevant health outcomes and disparities
based on gender
Biological differences (look @ slide 2)
How the social aspect (the roles) placed on males and females affects morbidity
of disease and also health outcomes
oCongenital cardiovascular disease afflicts women more than men
oRecognizing that males and females have differences in their disease and
outcomes
oEg. women mount a stronger inflammatory response than men following
infection by the flu
oOverrepresentation and how social conditions play a role in contraction or
development of certain diseases such as HIV/AIDS
oIn males, there is a linear link between SES and health outcomes however
this is not seen in females and is a much more complex relationship for
women and health
Gender is a dynamic aspect of change and health
oPatriarchy= gender stratification between males and females where men
are dominant and women are subordinate and having less power
Many health outcomes and diseases can be linked back to power
and having less power and rights
Patrilineal= property and title are inherited by males only
Versus matrilineal
Integrates itself in all aspects of life (economic, social,
political)
oGender paradox= women live longer than men; the public perception that
women are healthier which in reality is not the case because health
throughout the life course in quality is poor even though they live longer
lives
Men live less because of the risk-taking behaviours throughout their
life course which reduces the quantity of life
Cultural factors in female health (look @ slide 6)
Loss of power and less access to resources
oReproduction and inequality
Women’s health particularly reproduction is being regulated by the
state
Occurred due to the creation of social stratified societies and
state guidelines on women’s bodies
How childbirth is becoming increasingly medicalized and
femalehood is being controlled and regulated
How women’s autonomy has eroded over time with the
advent of biomedical thinking and medicalization
oDouble burden of unpaid domestic and labour market responsibilities
(double shift)
Women have children and therefore they have to take care of them
and also other family that may either be elderly or infirm
Also responsible for bringing in some sort of income

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Description
2012-11-13 HLTC05H3 F Lecture 9: Gendered Health Disparity Chapter 9: Reproduction and Equality Chapter 12 from the textbook Lecture: • How gender is an important determinant of health o Significant determinant of health because of the social construction and roles put on the female sex o Provides an understanding of relevant health outcomes and disparities based on gender • Biological differences (look @ slide 2) • How the social aspect (the roles) placed on males and females affects morbidity of disease and also health outcomes o Congenital cardiovascular disease afflicts women more than men o Recognizing that males and females have differences in their disease and outcomes o Eg. women mount a stronger inflammatory response than men following infection by the flu o Overrepresentation and how social conditions play a role in contraction or development of certain diseases such as HIV/AIDS o In males, there is a linear link between SES and health outcomes however this is not seen in females and is a much more complex relationship for women and health  Gender is a dynamic aspect of change and health o Patriarchy= gender stratification between males and females where men are dominant and women are subordinate and having less power  Many health outcomes and diseases can be linked back to power and having less power and rights  Patrilineal= property and title are inherited by males only  Versus matrilineal • Integrates itself in all aspects of life (economic, social, political) o Gender paradox= women live longer than men; the public perception that women are healthier which in reality is not the case because health throughout the life course in quality is poor even though they live longer lives  Men live less because of the risk-taking behaviours throughout their life course which reduces the quantity of life  Cultural factors in female health (look @ slide 6) • Loss of power and less access to resources o Reproduction and inequality  Women’s health particularly reproduction is being regulated by the state • Occurred due to the creation of social stratified societies and state guidelines on women’s bodies  How childbirth is becoming increasingly medicalized and femalehood is being controlled and regulated • How women’s autonomy has eroded over time with the advent of biomedical thinking and medicalization o Double burden of unpaid domestic and labour market responsibilities (double shift)  Women have children and therefore they have to take care of them and also other family that may either be elderly or infirm  Also responsible for bringing in some sort of income • Has an impact on greater risk for stress related diseases and also leading to a longer life but one that is in poor quality • As women are considered the more appropriate caregiver they often forego their own health o Feminization of poverty: social conditions that cause females to be more impoverished than males  Issue of economic disadvantage  More women than men living at the standard of income ( poverty as defined the government in Canada)  Rate of poverty that is increasing in core nations and worsening in developing nations • This is also similarly found in children  Difference that can also be tied to race/ethnicity as seen in the United States (the graph does not reflect innate biological differences but rather social entrenchment of conditions into the body; slide ) • How e
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