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Lecture

HLTC05H3 Lecture Notes - Forego, Medicalization, W. M. Keck Observatory


Department
Health Studies
Course Code
HLTC05H3
Professor
R Song

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2012-11-13
HLTC05H3 F
Lecture 9: Gendered Health Disparity
Chapter 9: Reproduction and Equality
Chapter 12 from the textbook
Lecture:
How gender is an important determinant of health
oSignificant determinant of health because of the social construction and
roles put on the female sex
oProvides an understanding of relevant health outcomes and disparities
based on gender
Biological differences (look @ slide 2)
How the social aspect (the roles) placed on males and females affects morbidity
of disease and also health outcomes
oCongenital cardiovascular disease afflicts women more than men
oRecognizing that males and females have differences in their disease and
outcomes
oEg. women mount a stronger inflammatory response than men following
infection by the flu
oOverrepresentation and how social conditions play a role in contraction or
development of certain diseases such as HIV/AIDS
oIn males, there is a linear link between SES and health outcomes however
this is not seen in females and is a much more complex relationship for
women and health
Gender is a dynamic aspect of change and health
oPatriarchy= gender stratification between males and females where men
are dominant and women are subordinate and having less power

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Many health outcomes and diseases can be linked back to power
and having less power and rights
Patrilineal= property and title are inherited by males only
Versus matrilineal
Integrates itself in all aspects of life (economic, social,
political)
oGender paradox= women live longer than men; the public perception that
women are healthier which in reality is not the case because health
throughout the life course in quality is poor even though they live longer
lives
Men live less because of the risk-taking behaviours throughout their
life course which reduces the quantity of life
Cultural factors in female health (look @ slide 6)
Loss of power and less access to resources
oReproduction and inequality
Women’s health particularly reproduction is being regulated by the
state
Occurred due to the creation of social stratified societies and
state guidelines on women’s bodies
How childbirth is becoming increasingly medicalized and
femalehood is being controlled and regulated
How women’s autonomy has eroded over time with the
advent of biomedical thinking and medicalization
oDouble burden of unpaid domestic and labour market responsibilities
(double shift)
Women have children and therefore they have to take care of them
and also other family that may either be elderly or infirm
Also responsible for bringing in some sort of income
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