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HLTC05H3 Lecture Notes - Structural Violence, European Colonialism, Neoliberalism

Health Studies
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R Song

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Lecture 8
Film Assignment:
Come up with a question that is much more than a descriptive question that is critical
that can analyze the material being taught. Two points will be awarded as bonus points
HIV-AIDS: a social disease of human made factors
Disease that is a pandemic and is the most significant health problem for human
is the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries
oOpportunistic infection contraction becomes a concern
Creation of “risk groups”= the issue of global poverty between and within nations
oHIV/AIDS need to be looked at through a social and cultural lens that has
been “controlled” but continues to being a problem
However, rate of new infections for HIV/AIDS have been controlled
Figures for HIV/AIDS are stabilizing (not dramatically
decreasing) in terms of new infections
Disease found in every part of the world
oAfrica is the most affected with 2 million newly
infected in 2010
Variation throughout the continent
Variation also within the countries that may be
due to individual SES but also other social
determinants of health
oHas led to life expectancy is countries in Africa to 40

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People in their prime age are dying of
HIV/AIDS which is a toll on economic
Social consequence= 14 million orphaned kids
that need to be taken care of by extended
family that have limited resources which leads
to other long-term social consequences (i.e.
physical and sexual abuse, poverty,
deprivation, stigma)
oSyndemic with TB
oBacteria resistant to antibiotics for TB
oSimilar problem could arise w/HIV/AIDS which could
be resistant to antiretroviral
Syndemic= co-infection relationship (1)--- microparasitism
oAlso consider a syndemic as an interaction between a disease and a
social condition (2)--- macroparasitism
Macroparasitic nature of culture= how the rich exploit the poor and
marginalized groups is an example of macroparasitism
Differential access to resources in stratified societies creates
oHIV/AIDS and TB are anthropogenic (that has emerged and re-emerged
respectively due to factors mentioned in the Third Epidemiological
HIV/AIDS= semian virus (found in monkeys)
Monkeys were considered bush meat and the disease could
have jumped from monkeys to humans through this
behaviour of eating bush meat or removing them from their
oZoonotic infections (eg. swine flu, avian flu)
Emergence of disease as a human and social factor that is
recognized by public health
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