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Lecture 8

HLTC22H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Colorectal Cancer, Population Pyramid, Lung Cancer


Department
Health Studies
Course Code
HLTC22H3
Professor
Ingrid L.Stefanovic
Lecture
8

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HLTB01 Lec.8 Mental Health, stress and social support
Health
Sum of illnesses and problems
When you say that you are healthy does it mean that you are disease and illness free
Are yo u un h e alt hy b e c a use you h ave a cold
Functio n al pro blems grap h
Functio n al pro blems amo n g ad ults
As you age more fu nction al h e al t h iss ues
Women h ave more pro blems than men
Notic e the legend at the b o t t om of the g rap h
oNot all the function al pro blems that the elders h ave
oCan inclu d e more
oLots of overlap wit h issues
For example if a p erso n h as pro blems wit h their fe e t then they
will h ave a h ard ti me walking or taking a sh ower. This c a n also
translate to me a n that they will h ave a h ard ti me with
oHelpful b e c a use we se e the differenc e s b etwe e n fe e t pro blem an d
FEMALES 85 YEARS AND OLDER HAVE HIGHER BARS ON THE GRAPH
oMORE FUNCTIONAL PROBLEMS
oWHY DO FEMALES HAVE MORE PROBLEMS THAN MEN?
Because we all know that women have a higher life expectancy on average
This is why they have more problems than men who are still living
2 com m o n me a sures of d aily living
oActivities of Daily Living (ADL)
Bathing, dressing, toileting, going from bed to chair, conscience eating
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oInstrument Activities of Daily Living (IADL)
More physically demanding
Using the phone, shopping, food preparation, housekeeping, laundry, independent
travel, taking medications
How would you describe your health?
Pie chart sh owing p erc e ntages of seniors an d h ow they d escribe their h e al t h
oPoor 6%
oFair 17 %
oGo o d 3 5 %
oVery g o o d 3 1 %
oExc ellent11 %
What d o es this me a n?
oDoes it me a n that they are dise a se fre e ?
Gives u s the o v erall me a sure of h e al t h b u t d o esnt tell u s what it me a ns
What are yo u thinkin g ab o u t when asked ab o u t your h e alt h?
oPhysic al a c tivit y, p sych ologic al h e alt h, p h y sic al p ain
oIf someo n e is fe eling d epres s ed c a n they say that they are h e al t hy ?
Fun d amental los s c a n affe c t mental h e alt h
oINCREASE in disability can lead to a DECREASE in well being, social relations and
life satisfaction
oHard to know what is actually happening
Need to get more specific about measures to get clearer results
Mental Health WHO
State of well b ein g in which individ u al re aliz e s his or h er own ability
Think ab o u t older ad ul t s
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oRetired, not contributing to com munities
oNot active
oDef’n not helpful for older adults
Mental health American institute of mental health defines people with mental health to have one of the
following conditions.
Depression
Eating disorders
Panic disorders
oIs this helpful for older adults
Depression is the only one among the list that is relevant
AMONG OLDER ADULTS DEPRESSION IS THE MOST COMMON ISSUE OF MENTAL
HEALTH
Measure of mental health
Anxiety, hostility, depression, depressive symptoms, well being, optimism
Anxiety
Symptom is worrying
Worries can include health, mone y, family , work
Unrealistic and out of proportion
Hyperventilation is characteristic of people who are going through anxiety
Excessive exaggeration
Starts in childhood and adolescence
oCan occur in adulthood
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