HLTC23H3 Lecture Notes - Public Health, Millennium Development Goals, Epigenetics

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13 Apr 2012
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HLTB02H3
Issues in child health and development
cbarakat@utsc.utoronto.ca
mw210
4162082700
10-11am Thursdays
1-2pm Tuesdays
Course Description
- bio social aspect of child health and development
o genetics and development
o growth and development
o immune system
o determinants of child health
o nutrition during early years
o childhood diseases
o economic aspects of child health and development
Course objectives
- understanding the relationship between genetics and the environment
- ability to apply concepts of the ecological model of child development
- understanding of various and protective factors
- measures of child health outcomes
- determinants of child health pre-natal exposures psychosocial factors
nutrition
- common childhood disease and the relationship between environment
exposures and chronic disease in children
- contextual factors that impact health
- global child health concerns e.g infectious diseases and HIV epidemic in
Africa
- economic benefits of undertaking prevention
Course Evaluation
- course assignment (2 parts) -30 percent october 11 2011, November 7 2011
- midterm-25 percent
- one cumulative final exam-35 percent
- tutorial attendance 6 mandatory and 2 optional-10 percent
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Child Development
Childhood -any one who is between birth and puberty
Stages of Development
Infanthood- 0 to 12
Toddlerhood- 1 and 2
Early Childhood 2 to 6 pre schooler
Child- 7 to 12
Adolescence
Puberty
Different environments can lead to different outcomes
- childhood impacts long-term health
- what happens in childhood tends to affect our lives in adulthood
- reasearch indicates that children with better opportunities do better in life
- healthy at childhoodwill do better when older
- focusing on child health and development long term benefit to society
Scope of the course
- What are the imapcts of these exposure differences on children?
o what exposures matter and how do they shape child health and
development?
o what are the measures of child health and development?
o contextual factors and child health and development
o global perspective
Biological Features
Genome- complete set of genetic materials
- human genome 2 sets 23 chromosomes made of DNA
- DNA nucleotide bases forms the different genes
- Genes- are nucleotides
- Average genes is 3 thousand base pairs long
Human Genome
- 30000 genes
- a locus- location of a gene of the chromosome
- main characteristics of human genome
o size
o functional operation
- RNAs
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