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Lecture 2

HLTC23H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Logical Reasoning, Lev Vygotsky, Jean Piaget

Health Studies
Course Code
Jason Ramsay

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Lecture 2 notes HLTB02H3
May 14th 2012
- Outline 3 approves to understanding development: jean piaget, lev vygotsky, bowlby and
attachment theory
- Jean piaget:
o Swiss scientist-philosopher
o Believed in genetic epistemology as an approach to understanding development
o Thought that children were “little thought sacks”
o Was a constructivist: he thought we use thoughts like building blocks
- Children actively participate in their own development
- Scientists in the crib
- Construct their understanding of the world through hypothesis testing
- The basic processes of development are:
o Organization
o Adaptation
- Assimilation
o You receive info about the world
o Assess the info, If it fits with the theory, no need to change
- Accommodation
- Schemas:
o A mental model of an aspect of the world
o We can operate through them
o Scripts plans or goals
o Dynamic and continually updated
o Visual and verbal
o Higher stage of development, higher schema
o Used in cognitive therapy
o Aaron T. Beck: schemas are a cognitive structure for screening
- Sensorimotor stage
o Child begins to coordinate her body and senses
o Develops from instinctive reactions to wards the beginnings of symbolic thought
o Symbol use is extremely limited
o Development
- Concrete operations
o Poor impulse control
o Logical reasoning replaces intuitive thought
o Symbol is complex and rich
o Still, not up for algebra
- Formal operations
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