Week 5 Notes

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7 Nov 2011
Lecture 5
October 17th, 2011
international comparisons for second paper
manitoba saskatchewan and alberta have the highest infant mortality rate because of
high levels of inequality for aboriginal people
the poorest neighborhoods have the highest portion of low birth rate babies
-Q4- low wage jobs and infant mortality/low birth rate
-latent effect of low birth rate
-suggests that we are growing more unequal
City of toronto and vancouver have high inequality because they are large cities
-we are not doing a lot to help children in low income households
-canada does not invest as much in families as it used to
-welfare state
-other countries score better than canada in percentage of children living in poverty
even though canada is a liberal welfare state
when families are low income they need to use the food bank which does not provide
sufficient nourishment
-intrauterine growth restriction... this is related to growing income polarity
influences with regards to socioeconomic conditions and a childʼs health
-material (parental income, schools, environments)
-cultural/behavioral (parental beliefs, norms, and values)
-psycho-social (status)
-life course
-political economy
we will have disadvantaged children unless governments intervene with policies
-if senior levels of government address income inequality, income allocations, etc then
cities and everyone else will be much better off
-this is a multi-factorial problem
-should not be a matter of what your mother or father earn but the government should
be investing in you from the start
latency: refers to the relationship between an exposure at one point in the life course
and the probability of health expressions years or decades later, irrespective of
intervening experience
-cumulative: multiple exposures over the life course whose effects on health combine.
these may be either multiple exposures to a single recurrent factor or a series of
exposures to different factors
-pathways: represent dependent sequences of exposures in which exposure at one
stage of the life course influences the probability of other exposures later in the life
course, as well as associated expressions. For example, the divorce of oneʼs parents
in the early childhood may reduce readiness to learn at school entry, which may, in
turn, affect school performance which could then affect their later employment
neo liberalism--> community infrastructure and living conditions + income inequality +
social cohesion trust--> income, health
welfare states are a buffer against the effects of globalization that can promote
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