HLTC24H3 Lecture Notes - Food Bank

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16 Dec 2011
School
Department
Course
Professor
HLTB04H3 Health & the Urban Environment
Health Studies, Dept. of Social Sciences
University of Toronto
Fall 2011
Lecture 2: What is Urban?
Population displosion – people from different backgrounds are moving into an area
Cities came before nations – city states were the most important in history
I. What is urban?
1
Cities
oSuburban areas within cities such as Scarborough, North York in the city of
Toronto
oCity center and the outer area
oMost services are in the city – GTA such as public transit
oThe outer area has less public things, they has less public transportation and
more driving cars
oToday we have a larger city council which has changed over the years
Physical and social space
Geographically defined areas that are densely populated
Inner city and periphery
2
Centers for employment, industry, social and health resources – services, public
libraries, cultural venues (ex. museums), public transit, and other transportation –
airport
3
Highly segregated geographic spaces reflecting inequality and unequal exposures to
risks that threaten human health
oMostly segregated by race
“Risk spaces”
Exposure to pollutants, toxins, noise, overcrowding, insecurity, crime, poverty
4
Health and Urban environment
5
What is Health? II
oMedical (Traditional) – absence of illness
oBehavioural (Lifestyle) – diet activity, tobacco, and alcohol use, etc. – Risk
Behaviours
oSocio – environmental – living conditions
Work with communities that are at high risk (ex. single parents,
elderly) to help them improve their quality of their lives
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