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University of Toronto Scarborough
Health Studies
Dan Silver

Lecture 8: Women’s health LECTURE 8: WOMEN AND MENS HEALTH Smoking  - rates among men tend to be 10 times higher than woman  - women generally have less success in quitting the habit, have more relapses than men and nicotine replacement therapy may be less effective among women HIV Worldwide  - of all adults living with HIV in sub Saharan Africa 61% are women  - carriabien the proporation of women living with the virus is 43%  - the # of women living with HIV, LATIN AMERICA ASIA AND EUROPE are growing ABUSE  is worldwife- 15-71% have suffered physical and sexual vionelnce commited by a male partner at some point of their lives o as many as 1 in 5 women reports being sexually abused before age of 15 ENVIRONMENT  - first world vs third world  - women more exposed to fumes (from cooking)  women do not have as much access to healthcare in certain cultures Idea of the BARBIE - thin glamourous perspective - by presenting that is something that is difficult to achieve you motivate people to buy products to try to achieve this unattainable goal OBESITY RISK FACTORS & CONSEQUENCES Risk factors: Physical Inactivity Diet Socioeconomic factors Heredity Consequence: Type 2 Diabetes Psychological Issues High Blood Pressure Osteoarthritis Some cancers and Gallbladder disease Limited Life Expectancy Limited Quality of Life Pregnancy:  It was not uncommon for women to die in childbirth during WW1 AND WW2 We have had advancements in health (technology and research) Breast feeding:  Protects against respiratory illness  Increases in IQ Women Get Sicker, But Men Die Quicker  Women get sicker  More older women than men are afflicted by Alzheimer’s disease, osteoporosis & arthritis  Women experience more minor health conditions compared to men  Women are more likely to visit the doctor Gender Affects Health:  Cardiovascular disease tends to appear about 10 years later in women than in men  Smoking among teenaged girls now exceeds smoking rates among teenaged boys  The death rate from suicide is at least four times higher for men than it is for women  However, women are hospitalized for attempted suicide at about one and a half times the rate of men  For Aboriginal women, the rate of diabetes is five times higher than it is for all other women in Canada; for Aboriginal men, the rate is three times higher ILNESS THAT TARGET WOMEN:  Cardiovascular diseases are 8 times more likely to kill women than much-feared and much-publicized breast cancer  Lung cancer has recently surpassed breast cancer as the leading cause of death due to cancer in women  Cardiovascular disease is the major cause of death and disability among Canadian women  Two in three women have one or more of the major risk factors for heart disease  Women are under-represented in heart health research and prevention studies LUNG CANCER  Lung cancer is the leading cancer cause of death for women in Canada  Tobacco smoking is the leading cause of lung cancer  Cigarette smokers are ten times more likely to get lung cancer as compared to those who never smoked  Non-smokers who are exposed to tobacco smoke by living with a smoking partner are estimated to have a 30 to 50% increased risk of developing lung cancer themselves Breast Cancer  1 in 9 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer in the course of her life  The incidence of breast cancer has risen steadily over the last decade  Mortality rates h
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