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Lecture 3

HLTB15 Lecture 3.pdf

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Health Studies
Iva Zovkic

HLTB15 Lecture 3 Thursday, January 31, 2013 12:08 PM Cue Column: Note-TakingArea: Modelsof Health & Illness What is health? Fill table, what does it mean to be healthy etc.? • • Physiological, psychological,and social wellbeing • Changes due to perception What is illness? • Etiology - cause; effects day to day activities • Feelings • Social functioning limited How do we conceptualize health? • WHO (1948) ○ Look at how WHO defines health ○ Global health organization (World Health Organization) ○ Sets standards of health ○ Support evidence-based qualities leading to better health ○ Advise, and provide technical support to countries ○ Look at health trends ○ Definition:  physical, mental, &social well-being;not just absenceof disease/infirmity ○ Missing some things like econ/poli ○ What does "state" imply?  Can it change?; subject to change  Missing cultural/spiritual aspect ○ Led to many changes of health/health tech Original Model of Health • Before: Absence of disease ○ Leads to bio-medicalmodel • Bio-medicalmodel ○ Fix with treatment/not; eventually dies ○ Have specific etiology  Assumption: body is a machine ○ Doesn't recognize subjective experience  Doesn't say about experience of illness ○ Psychologicaldisturbance doesn't causeillness ○ Just objective, and have data ○ Health seen as entity  2 components: □ Disease □ Illness Emergence of New Model of Health • Health involves people; diff areas, socialcontexts • Many factors play role in health • Gene
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