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Lecture 4

Lecture 4 notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Health Studies
Caroline Barakat

Lecture 5: Social Factors and Health HLATA10-Social Factors and Health January 31 ,th 2011. Social class: hierarchy Socio Economic Status: -can be measured (ie. Income level, educational achievement, owning a home vs. Renting) -can look at people or communities How Do Social Factors Impact Health? There are 2 perspective 1. Social Causation Hypothesis Factors associated with SES influence health Mental and physical health Lowest income people report lowest and poorest physical and mental health (perceived health is looked at as a very good indicator to actually health) Link between income and health 2. Selection Hypothesis This follows pathway model of health life course As parental income increases, SAT scores increase This is potentially bigger than social causation One situation leads to another, and another, and another, etc. -general idea- social factors do impact health Psychosocial Stress- -how does one cope with stress? (mediation and coping styles) -coping really matters and mediating helps with the social factors and the impact on health Crisis Theory -always strive to equilibrium and normalcy -based on cognitive appraisal model -constant reappraisal is based on resources available -what a person believes and how coping changes over time
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